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 靜思晨語--20130124《法譬如水》為善得福

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發表主題: 靜思晨語--20130124《法譬如水》為善得福    靜思晨語--20130124《法譬如水》為善得福  Empty周四 1月 24, 2013 10:27 pm



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發表主題: 回復: 靜思晨語--20130124《法譬如水》為善得福    靜思晨語--20130124《法譬如水》為善得福  Empty周五 1月 25, 2013 8:35 am

【證嚴上人開示】
每天我們心要往內自照,時時要自我警惕,我們要懺悔,時時都在說懺悔,因緣果報,因就是一顆種子,種子的顯現就是果,這種果顯現之後,同樣還是為因,世間哪一樣東西,不是在因果循環中,既然人人都知道,「因」是一顆種子,這顆種子就是在,我們的八識田中:
八識:
1.眼識 2.耳識
3.鼻識 4.舌識
5.身識 6.意識
7.末那識 8.阿賴耶識
我們的八識就是由前面的七識,第七識去思考,緣著外面的六識,外界的六識緣外界的六塵,所以所吸收來的,由第七識去運作思考。
我們若是向善,外面現在有這麼多貧窮苦難人,有這麼多需要我們伸出援手,去幫助他、扶助他,這念心起,自然他就行動了,去做好事,做了好事,心很安穩、很歡喜、很自在,就慢慢培養出為善積福,這也是時間慢慢趕快一直累積,所以時間會累積好事,當然時間也會累積惡的事。
也同樣是這念心,同樣是外面的境界,緣我們的六根去緣六塵,六塵來誘引我們的六根,六根在意識又起了貪念惡念,所以去運作,自然身體就去造作惡業,惡業造作之後,種子一樣又入八識田中去,所以八識中一直在囤積,你善的種子、惡的種子,都是累計在八識田中,所以時間越久,做的事愈多,無論你是做好事或做壞事,同樣既然做了,種子就成了,果就成了,結果就是因,因就進入八識田中,叫做業。
所以業是因,所以我們的身體行動、表情等等,都是緣著,緣,在緣中好壞在造作,所以我們要常常記得,為善好施、生天得福,無論什麼宗教都一樣這麼說,其實一般的民間信仰,也應該都知道,多做一些好事,為善才能消一些災難,其實不只是為善就能消災難,為善還要洗滌內心的污垢,我們若是為了貪福而為善,這只不過,你做得再多,也只是生天的福而已,其實天福也有盡,所以我們應該要知道,為善好施、生天得福,這大家都能了解。
但是我們還要,知足善解、自在得智,我們在為善當中,我們時時要和善解平行,為善是造福,知足善解就是得智,所以我們若是平時不知足,貪念的心,平時不能善解,我們時時都會起煩惱或是瞋癡,所以我們要時時知道,為善好施是很好,能生天得福,但是我們也一定要和知足善解平行。
因為知足善解,才能讓我們的心常常很自在,不會為了小是小非起煩惱,所以我們應該要知道,不要只想著,為善得福這樣而已,應該智慧是很重要的,富中也要有貴,富中無貴,不是我們真正要追求的。
什麼是貴呢?貴就是覺悟,真的我們能做他人生命中的貴人,這才真正是我們學佛的目標,能引導人走正道,這才是真正的富貴,只是有福,沒有覺悟,這樣也沒用,我們學佛,不都是要學得一念清淨心,能覺悟。
富如天人福有盡期,我們只是求福,即使我們能生天,像天人那麼富有,那麼享受,想衣衣來、想食食至,想要吃什麼就有什麼,想要穿什麼就有什麼,世間一切的福都很隨心如意,但是如此享福,同樣有窮盡的時刻,所以我們要知道時間好好應用,時間能累積功德、錯誤,所以大家要在時間中,時時自我警惕,好好利用時間修功德,內修外行,這才是我們學佛的目標。
時間能累積功過
為善好施生天得福
知足善解自在得智
富如天人福有盡期
應時時自我警惕

過去我們所說的,我們應該知道因緣果報,如何能知道呢?經文中就這麼說:
何以知然
釋提桓因 五衰相現
恐懼切心 歸誠三寶
五相即滅 得延天年

看看貴為釋提桓因,他雖然是天的天主,很富有,領導天人,他的福很大,不只是福大,其實壽命也長,忉利天的一天是人間的一百年,在忉利天他只過了一天,我們在人間,一生的壽命都還不及,所以說來,忉利天的天主,釋提桓因,它的壽命有多長,但是再長,也同樣有盡時,所以時間的流逝有盡頭,再者享福,福享同樣有盡期,所以壽命福報再多再長,同樣也有盡期。
釋提桓因在佛在世時,他就是突然間覺得他五衰相現,非常恐懼,當時是佛世時,就趕快來請教佛,所以佛陀為他說法,聽了之後他很感動,虔誠皈依,又懺悔過去有微分的惡,他善多惡少,所以微分的惡他很虔誠地懺悔,懺悔惡的種子,自然惡消福增,他就是皈敬三寶,什麼是「五衰」呢?
五衰相:
1.衣服垢穢
2.頭上華萎
3.腋下汗流
4.身體臭穢
5.不樂本座
五衰,第一就是天人很高大,但是那種衣服很輕柔,應該要說是銖衣妙服,銖就是很輕,很美很莊嚴的衣服,這種衣服穿起來,就覺得很光潔、很乾淨,若是福盡時,那件衣服穿起來就很邋遢,就是看起來很髒,光潔不見了,所以這也是天人,若是五衰相現,就是從他的衣著,首先現出那種不光彩的衣著。
第二就是「頭上華萎」,因為天人頭上的冠,就是帽子,都會有花、珠光寶氣,但是到了五衰相現,除了衣服邋遢了以外,就是珠冠寶石的光彩鮮澤,都整個消失了,失去了光彩,就像花萎謝了一樣,這就是花冠萎失光彩。
再來第三就是「腋下汗流」,本來天人生活中都很舒服,所過的日子很舒服,所以天氣也很適切,也不會流汗,不知為何,忽然間他的腋下開始會出汗,開始身體臭穢的味道就跑出來,這就是第三,這就是福若盡時,連自己的身體,也自己會流汗發臭,這就是五衰之一。
第四就是「身體臭穢」,不只是流汗在腋下,不只,天人本來的身體就是很乾淨,所以從身體自己發出臭味,就是一種衰相,原本天人自己的身體,會發出香味,不只是香潔的香味消失了,反過來自己會一直覺得,身體很臭,自己都一直有感覺,這也就是五衰之一,就是第四。
第五「不樂本座」,其實心裡一直生起煩惱,因為天帝他的殿堂很莊嚴,他的位子非常享受,但是五衰相現時,自己內心就一直無法生起歡喜,對周圍的環境就是不歡喜,可能是像現在人說的憂鬱症,無論什麼環境給他,他都是一直很不歡喜,就是不樂本座,對他的周圍都是不歡喜就對了,這就是五衰相現。
我們要知道,學佛,我們不是要求天福,求天福,即使富貴如天子,他的天福也有盡期,所有我們應該要知道,身體是載道器,有了我們的身體,是要讓我們修行的,天無福可修,因為在那個地方享福,壽命又長,福樂又多,所以也沒有看到苦難的形態,所以我常說,見苦才能知福,天堂沒有苦難,所以就沒有苦的道理,沒有苦的道理,就沒有修福的道理存在,所以那裡即使想要修福,也沒有機會。
所以釋提桓因,天堂的壽命享盡了,五衰相現了,幸虧那時釋迦佛在世時,所以他生起惶恐,趕緊來請教佛,因為他已經不樂本座,心生起很惶恐、很擔憂,所以他懂得去親近佛,向釋迦牟尼佛請教,佛陀能為他解開心的煩惱,就是教他要好好,向三寶求懺悔,唯有三寶佛法僧,佛法能常住在世,能在精神理念的覺悟中,讓他的煩惱能解開。
所以釋提桓因很歡喜,趕快向佛求懺悔,同時向佛虔誠求皈依,所以:
如是等比
經教所明
其事非一
故知懺悔
實能滅禍

這就知道了,像釋提桓因五衰相現的故事,或是福盡禍至,他的福盡了,禍,災禍馬上來臨,這在經典中實在是很多,所以就是「如是等比」,意思就是類似這種事真的很多,在經典中很清楚告訴我們,這在佛經真的有很多故事,不只是經中人物的故事,其實在我們現實中,人的故事就很多了。
在現代慈濟當中,我們比比皆是,能看到這種天人的轉變,就是五衰相現,福盡了,有的過去有因緣,得到人間生命中的貴人,所以幫助他,你看,多少人已經投入,在我們的志工行列中,他每天都很快樂,這就是富與貴,到底我們要往那個方面走呢?雖然佛經中比比皆是,其實在我們人間也是,所以我們以此類推,我們就知道「懺悔實能滅禍」,我們要知道懺悔,時時懺悔警惕自己,我們才不會重複在造罪造業,所以大家時時要能多用心,否則不知何時五衰相現,那就苦不堪了。
時間累積功過,為善好施、生天得福,若是知足善解,這最重要,能夠自在得智,富如天人福也有盡期,所以我們大家要時時多用心。
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發表主題: 回復: 靜思晨語--20130124《法譬如水》為善得福    靜思晨語--20130124《法譬如水》為善得福  Empty周五 3月 29, 2013 4:10 pm

Lecturer: Master Cheng-Yan
Subject: Benevolent Actions Lead To Blessings(為善得福)
We should look within ourselves every day, and always be vigilant and repentant. I often speak about repentance. In the law of karmic cause and effect, the cause is a seed and the fruition of the seed is an effect. When the effect manifests, it moreover becomes a cause. Which object in this world is not part of the cycle of cause and effect? We all know that a cause is a seed. This seed is stored in our Eighth Consciousness.

Eight Consciousnesses:
1. Eye-consciousness
2. Ear-consciousness
3. Nose-consciousness
4. Tongue-consciousness
5. Body-consciousness
6. Mind-consciousness
7. Manas-consciousness
8. Alaya-consciousne
ss

There are eight consciousnesses, of the first seven, the seventh is what contemplates, while the first six are what connect to the external Six Sense Objects in our environment and bring those perceptions in for the Seventh Consciousness to analyze. If we are kind, when we see so many suffering people in the world, we reach out to offer help to them. When these thoughts arise, we will naturally take action to do good deeds. Afterwards, our hearts experience peace, joy and freedom. Over time, we accumulate blessings by doing good deeds. So, over time we can accumulate good deeds, or we can accumulate unwholesome deeds instead. This is all based on the mind. External conditions connect with our Six Roots. When the Six Roots are tempted by the Six Dusts, the mind gives rise to greed and evil. This prompts the body to create bad karma. Afterwards, these karmic seeds are stored in the Eight Consciousness. The Eight Consciousness continues to accumulate positive and negative seeds. The more time passes, the more actions we take. Whether they are good or bad deeds, once we have done them, the seeds are formed, and then become fruits. These results are also seeds, which are planted in the field of the Eighth Consciousness. This is karma. So, karma is the cause. All our actions, expressions, and so on, all depend on conditions. Based on conditions one does good or evil. We should always remember that doing good and giving generously lead one to heaven. All religions indicate this. Actually, according to many folk beliefs, we should also know that benevolent acts can mitigate disasters. Additionally, doing good can also cleanse one’s mental defilements.
But if we act kindly for the sake of blessings, all we gain are the blessings of ascending to heaven.Actually, these blessings can be exhausted.We know that good deeds lead to the blessing of being born in heaven.But we should also know that being content and understanding leads to freedom and wisdom.
While carrying out good deeds, we should always be understanding.Doing good creates blessings, and being content and understanding leads to wisdom.If we are discontent, we give rise to greed.If we are not understanding, we will always be afflicted, angry or ignorant.
So, we must understand that doing good and giving generously lead to being born in heaven.
However, we must carry out these deeds with contentment and understanding.
Only with contentment and understanding can our minds constantly be free and not afflicted by small conflicts.
We should know that there is more than just gaining blessings by bestowing kindness.
Wisdom is also very important.Wealth must be accompanied by nobility.Wealth without nobility is not what we seek.
What is nobility?It is enlightenment.
To be of benefit to others in their lives is the true goal of learning Buddhism.To lead others onto the Right Path is true wealth and nobility.Blessings without enlightenment are useless.
As Buddhist practitioners, everything we do is to learn how to purify the mind to achieve enlightenment.Wealth and blessings will expire.If we seek wealth and are reborn in heaven, we live with fortune and pleasures.If we want food, food appears.We can eat and wear whatever we desire.Everything is in accord with our wishes.But such blessings eventually come to an end.
So, we should use time well.Over time we accumulate merits and wrongdoings.So, we should always be vigilant and use our time well to cultivate merits.As Buddhist practitioners’, we must have both internal and external practices.

Over time we accumulate merits and wrongdoings.Doing good and giving generously lead to blessings of being born in heaven.Being content and understanding leads to freedom and wisdom.Wealth and heavenly blessings will expire, so we should always remain vigilant.

We have been discussing the importance of understanding karmic cause and effect.
How do we recognize it?
The text says, “How does one know?When Sakrodevanam Indra showed the Five Signs of decay, he was afraid. Sincerely taking refuge with the Three Treasures, the Five Signs were eradicated and his years in heaven prolonged.”
Sakrodevaenam Indre is the ruler of Trayastrimsa Heaven.He had everything and was the leader of heavenly beings.Not only did he have many blessings, his lifespan was very long.
A day in Trayastrimsa Heaven is 100 years in this world. One lifetime in this world ends before one of their days is over.So Sakrodevanam Indra had a long life in the Trayastrimsa Heaven.But, no matter how long a life is, it still ends.With the passing of time, life comes to an end.No matter how blessed one is, the blessings will eventually be exhausted.
No matter how much blessings or longevity one has, it eventually comes to an end. While the Buddha was in this world, Indra realized he was showing the signs of decay, and became very frightened. Since Buddha was in the world, he implored the Buddha to teach him.So, the Buddha spoke the Dharma to him. He was very touched and sincerely took refuge and repented for some subtle, past wrongdoings. He had created more good than bad, there were just some subtle wrongdoings, so he sincerely repented all the evils he committed.
With evils eliminated, his blessings increased. He took refuge and respected the Three Treasures.
What are the Five Signs of Decay?

Five Signs of Decay: 1. Robes becoming dirty 2. Hair-flowers fading 3. Sweating under the arms 4. Body smelling bad 5. Not enjoying one’s original status

For the first sign, though heavenly beings are tall, their clothing is very light and soft.
Their clothes weigh very little, and are very beautiful and dignified. When they wear this clothing, it looks very bright and very clean. Once their blessings come to an end, the same robe starts to look very scruffy. It looks dirty and loses its shine.So, for heavenly beings, when the Five Signs of Decay manifest, the first sign is seen when their clothing beings to lose its shine.
Second is “hair-flowers fading” The crowns that heavenly beings wear are covered with flowers and gems.But when the Five Signs appear, besides their clothes becoming dirty, their precious jeweled crowns loss their radiance and luster. The flowers wilt and fade in color and brilliance.
The third sign is “sweating under the arms”.Heavenly beings normally live very comfortably. The weather is always mild and they never sweat.But suddenly, for some reason, they start to sweat under their arms. They start to emit bad odors. This is the third sign.When their blessings are exhausted, their bodies start to sweat and smell. This is one of the Five Signs.
The fourth is “body smelling bad”. Besides sweating under the arms, the once clean bodies of heavenly beings to emit a bad odor.This is another sign. Usually, the bodies of heavenly beings emits a pleasant fragrance. But instead of giving off a swat smell, their bodies will start to reek.They themselves will sense it. This is also one of the five signs , the fourth.
The fifth is “not enjoying one’s original status”.Affictions begin to arise in their minds.
Sakrodevanam indre’s palace was magnificent,and he was in a position of great enjoyment.
But when the Five Signs appeared ,there was no longer joy in his heart.He was unhappy with his environment. This could be what we now call depression. No matter what kind of environment he was in,he was always unhappy.This is “not enjoying one’s original status”.This is the fifth sign of decay.
We should understand that in learning Buddhism,we are not seeking heavenly blessings.
Even if we attain them ,these blessings eventually end.So ,we should understand that the
body is a vehicle for spiritual practice.Because we have this body,we can engage in spiritual practice.
One cannot cultivate blessings in heaven,where lifespan is long and blessings are abundant.
There are no forms of suffering to witness. So , we often say that only by seeing suffering can we know blessings.Heaven contains no suffering so the truth of suffering does not apply.
With no truth of suffering,there is no way to cultivate blessings.Even if they wanted to cultivate blessings,there would be no opportunity.
When Sakrodevanam lndra’s blessings were ending ,the Five Signs of Decay appeared.
Luckly , the Buddha was still in the world. So ,with much fear ,he implored the Buddha to teach him. Since he was not enjoying his status,he was filled with fear and worry. So , he wner to the Buddha to ask Shakyamuni for guidance ,and the Buddha helped him release his affictions by teaching him to repent to the Three Treasures.
Only with the Buddha , Dharma and Sangha. Can the Buddha - Dharma exist in the world.
As we practice this teaching to seek enlightenment we will be able to be free of affictions.
So Sakrodevanam lndra joyfully repented to the Buddha,and sincerely took refuge.
So ,

“With these and many other examples ,the Sutras show that if we repent we can truly eliminate disasters”.

So now we know. This is the story of Sakrodevanam lndra and the Five Signs of Decay,of how blessings are exhausted.When his blessings came to an end,disasters arrived immediately. There are many such examples in the Sutras.
So ,”with these and other examples” means that there are many similar occurrences
that are recorded in the Sutras.There are many stories in the scriptures. Not only do we read them in the Sutras,there are many real –life stories around us.
So ,in Tzu-Chi today we see many examples of how people have changed , like heavenly beings who see the sings of decay and know their blessings are ending.
Some people had past causes and conditions to meet their benefactors in this world.These people helped them. So ,now many are part of our volunteer team and live each day with joy .
This is wealth and nobility.Which direction should we take?We see examples everywhere in the Sutras,and everywhere in our world. So ,we can extrapolate from these to know
“if one repents ,one can truly eliminate disasters”.We should always repent and remind ourselves to not keep creating wrongdoings and karma.
So , everyone should always be mindful ,otherwise when the Five Signs of Decay appear ,
there is immense suffering.
Merits and mistakes accoumulate with time.
Good deeds and generosity bring heavenly blessings.
If we can be content and understanding and this is important ,we can obtain freedom and wisdom .Heavenly blessings eventually come to an end.
So ,we should always be mindful.

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