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 靜思晨語 -- 20130131《法譬如水》植福心安

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發表主題: 回復: 靜思晨語 -- 20130131《法譬如水》植福心安    靜思晨語 -- 20130131《法譬如水》植福心安  Empty周五 2月 01, 2013 9:23 pm

【證嚴上人開示】

有福者時時平安
有慧者日日心寬
覺者把握剎那為永恆
迷之虛度光陰後悔遲

有福者時時平安,有慧者就日日心寬,我們常常要感恩平安的時刻,有這個平安,那就是因為我們有福,福不是求來的,福就是造來的,我們要平時語默動靜,起心動念、舉手投足,我們要培養這念福。
福就是修養,時時起好心,對人時時說好話,我們能歡喜對人說好話,向人祝福,是因為我們的心歡喜,我們若是在生氣、不高興,看到人你就不想和人打招呼,而且臉色也不好看,我們若是歡喜,第一個動作就在我們的色,我們的臉色,臉部的功能就是展露笑容。
我們要做人的一面鏡子,讓人看到這面鏡子,是在笑的面容,自然看到這面笑臉的鏡子,他也一樣會笑,這就是我們一切的動作,哪怕是舉步動0足,或是一顰一笑,這都能令人起歡喜心,這叫做福緣。


福就是對人好、令人歡喜,這就是在我們的日常生活中,要造福也沒什麼困難,只要你好好修養。
看到人招呼說好話,用好的形態對人,這就是在積福緣,所以有福者時時平安,大家看到我們都是歡喜,彼此又祝福我們,我們祝福他,他再祝福我們,所以你付出其實是自得,這就是福。
有慧者就日日心寬,你要有歡喜心,就是心要能寬,我們的心量若很窄,看到人來就不歡喜,好像人若多我們會很忙,好像人若來就會損我們,這樣就是沒智慧、心不寬,學佛就是要學一個,心包太虛、量周沙界,我們的度量要很大很寬,就是看到人來,我們要很歡喜招呼人。
常常師父都對大家說,每個人身上是我們的大藏經,愈多人來就是,我們的藏經愈裝愈多,每一個人的舉止動作,他的習氣表現等等,無不都是帶給我們常識,開啟我們的智慧,所以我們必定要日日心寬。
又常常跟大家說,靜思法脈要相傳,這種克己復禮的精神,我們要時時用在,我們的日常生活中,克己是要顧好我們的心,克勤克儉固然是很好,我們還要克難,我們的心要時時,無論面對什麼樣的人,什麼樣的境界,我們自己的內心,一定要克服過去,不只是日常的生活做事,不只,就是我們的心地,有緣無緣,在我們的內心,我們都要克服,對任何人我們都要用歡喜心,所以這是心寬。
心寬的人就是最有智慧的人,尤其是我們這個天下的大家庭,入我們的門來,人人都是我們的慈濟人,慈濟宗門大家庭,所以我們的心宅就是要很開闊;所以大家要時時顧好這念心,時日就是不斷這樣子消逝,不是年過了就好,我們的心年,心的年我們要時時保護好,舊的習氣放棄了,新的佛法是日日新、茍日新,要常常布置我們的內心,所以我們現在開始要記得,有福者時時平安,有慧者是日日心寬。
所以我們要福慧雙修,才能平安心寬,所以覺者把握剎那為永恆,迷之就虛度光陰後悔遲,所以我們要時時保持著,這分覺悟。
佛乃是宇宙間的大覺者,我們是學佛者,我們依照佛陀的教法,依教奉行,過去「法譬如水」,這個法綿綿流長下來,我們大家每天都在這個地方,在潤濕,我們的心地一直,法水在滋潤我們,所以我們應該也要,從微分的覺悟不斷不斷累積,所以要記得,當你發那念好心時,當你立那分弘願時,那時就是永恆,當你發大心,那個時候叫做佛心,當你立弘願,那個時刻就是佛的願。
所以從那念間開始,應該就要永恆了,所以你我都曾發心立願過了,所以我們必定要保持那分初心,最初那念心,所以叫做把握剎那為永恆,就是你最初那念心,就是我們的永遠永遠,從微分的小覺悟,不斷不斷累積,將佛陀的法水,我們要不斷來滋潤我們的心地,所以慧命就不斷增長了,不要再迷失了。


我們若迷,迷之就虛度光陰後悔遲,因為時日不斷過去,這樣一直過去的光陰,我們人間的壽命,就是不斷減少。
壽命隨著光陰消逝,我們的慧命,就要隨著我們法水滋潤,要快增長起來,所以每天用心聽聞佛法,就是要用在日常生活中,這也是一直對大家說,佛心放在裡面,把佛法行在外面,能入人群中去,這是我們大家共同的理念:
夫人命無常 喻如朝露
出息雖存 入息難保
云何忽此 而不懺悔

我們還記得在「法譬如水」,前一段懺文,對大家說人生很無常,「夫人命無常、喻如朝露」,好似早晨的露水一般,「出息雖存」,但是「入息難保」,我們人呼吸存在,就是生命存在,一口氣出去若不再進來,那就這一生的生命結束了,這是前一段的懺文。


接下來這段再這麼說:「云何忽此、而不懺悔」,我們既然知道生命是無常的,我們造作了過去,人與人之間,所造作的煩惱無明,惡緣累積很多,我們聽到佛法,我們怎麼不及時改過呢?
所以在法譬如水經文中,任何時候都要我們懺悔,任何時候都提醒我們要慚愧,對人對事我們要常常慚愧,我們所做過的事情,我們要時時懺悔,生命是如此無常,「云何忽此、而不懺悔」,我們怎麼疏忽它了呢?過去我們做了什麼事,明明我們知道,我們怎麼不懺悔呢?我們明知人生無常,我們怎麼不趕快,把過去不好的習氣,趕快去除呢?我們明知佛法難聞,我們現在都在聽佛法,我們怎麼不趕快接收,用在我們的日常生活中呢?我們怎麼把這些時間,匆匆忙忙一直過去,無所事事,忽視了我們得到人身,聽到佛法,我們都忽視掉了。
我們所做的,還是人與人之間,牽扯不休,為什麼要這樣呢?為什麼我們不趕快懺悔呢?這就是這段文字,我們應該要時時自我警愓。


接下來再說:
但五天使者既來
無常殺鬼卒至
盛年壯色
無得免者
當爾之時
華堂邃宇 何關人事
高車大馬 豈得自隨

這段懺文若用心看,都差不多了解,「五天使者既來」,什麼是「五天使者」呢?經典中「五天使者」,就是在經典中的文字,就是閻羅王稱為五殿天子,因為在地獄中有十八大地獄,他要管理五殿,所以叫做五殿天子,他所派出來的叫做使者,有五位,所以稱為五天使者,也是稱為無常。
「無常殺鬼卒至」,這種無常很兇惡,就像夜叉鬼卒一樣,既然閻羅王把他派出來,他一定要達到他的使命,所以叫做「無常殺鬼卒至」,殺就是到達的意思,無常到了、鬼卒已經來了。
「盛年壯色無得免者」,即使你再年輕,或是看起來很壯碩,一旦無常來時,沒有一個人逃得過。


我們四大志業中,慈善志業普遍在國際間,我們雖然在臺灣,立足在臺灣,宏觀天下,看看天下有多少災難,無論是人禍天災,這個災難一發生,高樓大廈或是年輕年壯,同樣都逃不過,這我們已經看盡了天下事,不論是人物一統,都逃不過無常,這不論是天災人禍。
所以在那時候,無論是「華堂邃宇」,就是輝碧堂皇,讓你高樓大廈,裡面裝潢得多美,金碧堂皇等等,即使鐵門圍牆有多高,同樣無常一到,重重的門牆多麼森嚴,同樣五殿天子,所派出來的無常還是一樣,還是重重的門牆,他還是一樣進去,所以到了那時候高樓大廈「何關人事」,難道能夠我門關緊一點了,他就不會進來?難道能我圍牆蓋厚一點,房子堅固一點,他就不會進來,不可能。
所以一切人事,都是擋不住無常來臨,「高車大馬、豈得自隨」,車子多大、馬多壯,同樣無法隨著我們去,有的人說,趕快,幫他做一個金童玉女,趕快,樓房車子等等,紙糊一糊,說這樣就要幫他送去,他能帶得了嗎?就算帶去,紙糊的,何況根本帶不去,總而言之,萬般帶不去,唯有業隨身。
人生若看得透,我們學佛者,我們就要趕快時時提高警覺,造福最好,結福緣最好,分分己獲,我們所做的一切,我們都是自己得到,看到人時,我們要和人結好緣、結福緣,這也叫做福緣,也是好緣,所以有福者時時平安,不論長短,總之平安就是福,所以有福者時時平安,有慧者就日日心寬,記得,覺者把握剎那為永恆,迷之虛度時光後悔遲。
各位,請大家我們要好好把握,人身難得、佛法難逢,既得既逢,我們要好好多用心,多受用。
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發表主題: 回復: 靜思晨語 -- 20130131《法譬如水》植福心安    靜思晨語 -- 20130131《法譬如水》植福心安  Empty周一 4月 01, 2013 12:27 pm

Lecturer: Master Cheng-Yan
Subject: Create Blessings and Bring Peace to the Mind (植福心安)
One with blessings is always at peace. One with wisdom always keeps an open heart. One who is enlightened seizes the moment and sustains it forever. One who is deluded passes time idly till it is too late for regrets.

One with blessings is always at peace, one with wisdom always keeps an open heart. We should always be grateful for moments of peace. There is peace because of the blessings we possess. We cannot pray for blessings; we must create them. We cultivate blessings daily with all of our speech, actions and thoughts. We create blessings when we are always cultivating kind thoughts and speaking kind words. We can happily speak kind words to others and wish them well because we are joyful. If we are angry or upset, we do not want to greet others, and we express this negativity on our faces. When we are joyous, we first reflect it in our facial expression by having a smile on our face. We should serve as a mirror to others. When others see the smile in the reflection, they smile back. So, all our conduct and expressions, even the slightest actions such as our facial expressions, can bring joy to others. This is a blessed affinity. Blessings are being kind to others, bringing them joy. It is not difficult to create blessings in our daily lives as long as we practice earnestly. When we see others, we kindly greet them and treat them with a pleasant attitude. This is accumulating blessed conditions. So, one who is blessed is always at peace. Others are joyous when they see us and we wish one another well. So, you receive the blessings you bestow. One with wisdom always keeps an open heart. To be joyful, one needs to keep an open heart. If we are narrow-minded, we will not be happy to see others visiting, since it seems that more people means more work, or that these visitor will harm us. This view is narrow-minded and lacking in wisdom. In learning Buddhism, we must learn to open our hearts to encompass the universe. We must be very accommodating, so that when people come, we will greet them joyfully. I often say that each individual is a Sutra. When more people come, our Sutra canon is larger. Each person’s conduct and habits can serve to help us gain worldly knowledge and wisdom. So, we must always maintain an open heart. I often say to pass on the Jing Si Dharma-lineage which is to have self-discipline and courtesy. We must always use this spirit in our daily living. Self-discipline is taking care of our minds. Not only should we live frugally, we must also be resilient in hardship. Regardless of what people or external challenges we face, our hearts must be able to transcend. In addition to these daily matters, we must overcome all negativities with our minds at every single moment, and be joyful toward all people. This is an open heart. Those with open hearts are the wisest. All those who volunteer in Tzu Chi are part of our global family. The Tzu Chi School of Buddhism is one big family. So, our hearts must be broad and open. Everyone must always safeguard the mind. Time continues to pass by each day. Instead of just celebrating New Year, we should celebrate a mindful year by taking care of our minds. We abandon our old habitual tendencies and take in fresh new Buddha-Dharma each day and place it in our hearts. So, we should remember that the blessed are always peaceful, the wise maintain an open heart. We must cultivate both blessings sand wisdom to be at peace and ease. One who is enlightened seizes the moment and sustains it forever. One who is deluded passes time idly till it is too late for regrets. We should always maintain our realizations. The Buddha is the Great Enlightened One. As Buddhist practitioners, we should practice according to what He taught. In “Dharma as Water,” we have used this continuous stream of Dharma, immersing ourselves here every day. The field of our mind is constantly nourished by this Dharma-water. So, we should continue to accumulate all of our minute realizations. Remember that when you give rise to those kind aspirations and establish your great resolve, that moment is eternal. The moment you have these great aspirations, you have the heart of the Buddha. The moment you make that great vow, you have the resolve of the Buddha. So, that moment should be sustained eternally. You and I have set this intention, so we must maintain that initial thought, that initial aspiration. We seize the moment and sustain it forever. When we can maintain our initial resolve forever and ever, we can continuously accumulate small realizations. We must constantly nourish our hearts with the Buddha’s Dharma-water. Then our Wisdom-life will continue to grow, and we will not be lost again. If we are deluded, we pass time idly until it is too late for regrets. Time passes continuously. As time continues to pass, our life continues to grow shorter. While our physical life shortens, our Wisdom-life, being nourished by Dharma-water, should continue to develop quickly. So, as we mindfully listen to Buddha-Dharma each day, we should use it in our daily living. I keep reminding everyone to keep the Buddha-mind within, and apply the Dharma outwardly among people. This is our shared belief.

The lives of ordinary beings are impermanent like morning dew. Though we exhale, we may not inhale again. How can one ignore this and not repent?

In one of the previous passages of Dharma as Water, we spoke of the impermanence of life. “The lives of ordinary beings are impermanent like morning dew”. They are compared to the dew in the morning. “Though we exhale, we may not inhale again”. Human must breathe in order to live. If we exhale but do not inhale again, then this life has come to an end. This is the first half of the passage, the remaining part indicates, “How can one ignore this and not repent?” We know that life is impermanent. In the past, we have created ignorant afflictions in our relationships, and accumulated negative affinities. Why don’t we change immediately after we have received the Dharma? The text of Dharma as Water reminds us to always be repentant. We must always have a sense of remorse for our interactions with people and matters and the things we have done. We must always be repentant. Life is impermanent, so “How can one ignore this and not repent?” How can we overlook it? We clearly know what we have done in the past, so how we not repent? We clearly know that life is impermanent, so how can we not promptly eliminate our negative habitual tendencies? We clearly know that Buddha-Dharma is precious. Now that we are listening to Buddha’s teachings, how can we not accept them and apply them in our daily living? How can we continue to let our time pass idly, as if we have nothing to do? We ignore the fact that we are born human and have heard Buddha-Dharma. We just end up entangled in personal relationships. Why do we do this? Why don’t we repent quickly? Based on these verses, we should always be vigilant.
The next passage reads, “But the Five Messengers of Hell arrive, these ghosts who bring death. The young and strong are not spared. At the moment, a vast and lavish home cannot keep them outside, and chariots and horses cannot accompany us further.” We can understand most of this passage if we read it mindfully. “The Five Messengers of Hell arrives“. What are the Five Messengers of Hell? This term, the Five Messengers of Hell, is found in the Sutras. King Yama is called Lord of the Five Palaces. Since there are 18 Great Hells and five palaces in the Hell Realm, he is called Lord of the Five Palaces. There are five messengers that King Yama sends out. These are Five Messengers of Hell. They are signs of death, “these ghosts who bring death”. These ghosts, like Yaksas, are very vicious. Once sent out by King Yama, they will definitely accomplish their mission. So they are “ghosts who bring death“. When it is time to die, these ghosts have already arrived. “The young and strong are not spared“. Even if one is young and strong, he cannot escape when death strikes. Of our four missions, we have expanded our charity work globally. Although we are based in Taiwan, we have a global view in our operations. Look at how many disasters there are. When natural or man-made calamities happen, the young and strong, or those living in luxurious high-rises still cannot escape. We have observed all kinds of things in this world. Everything is subject to impermanence. If a natural or man-made disaster strikes at that moment, “a vast and lavish home,” such as a luxurious high-rise building with beautiful decor and lavish facilities, even high metal security gates, cannot keep death away. Even if the gates and walls are well-guarded, the messengers sent by King Yama will still arrive. No matter how high the walls, they will still enter. By that time, even a high-rise building “cannot keep them outside”. If one shuts the doors tighter, will death not enter? If one builds the walls thicker or the room more solidly, will death not enter? Impossible. So nothing in this world can prevent its arrival. “Chariots and horses cannot accompany us further”. Regardless of the size of our cars or horses, they cannot accompany us when we die. Some people make paper people, houses, car, etc., and burn them thinking that what they represent can accompany the dead. But can the dead take these things with them. No, they absolutely cannot. In short, we take nothing with us except our karma. As practitioners, we should view life with clarity and swiftly heighten our vigilance. It is best to create blessings and gain good affinities. We reap what we sow. We ourselves will receive the effects of everything that we have done. We should create good affinities with others. These are called blessed or good affinities. One with blessings is always at peace. Being safe and at peace is a blessing. So, one with blessings is always at peace. One with wisdom always keeps an open heart. One who is enlightened seizes the moment and sustains it forever. One who is deluded lets times pass idly till it is too late for regrets. Everyone, we should take advantage of our human forms and the Buddha-Dharma, which are both hard to obtain. Since we have them, we must make use of them mindfully.

(Source: Da Ai TV 靜思晨語 法譬如水)
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