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 靜思晨語--20130204《法譬如水》精進脫迷入正覺

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發表主題: 靜思晨語--20130204《法譬如水》精進脫迷入正覺   靜思晨語--20130204《法譬如水》精進脫迷入正覺 Empty周一 2月 04, 2013 9:32 pm



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0BgX9MM7LJQ
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發表主題: 回復: 靜思晨語--20130204《法譬如水》精進脫迷入正覺   靜思晨語--20130204《法譬如水》精進脫迷入正覺 Empty周二 2月 05, 2013 12:39 pm

【證嚴上人開示】
立志修行
正道為依皈
依教奉行
精進菩薩道
引導眾生
脫迷入正覺
我們大家都是發心立願,既然有修行的心願,必定要行於正道,正道是我們心所依皈,既然我們心所依皈於正道,必定要依教奉行。
佛陀所教育的,就是要我們精進於菩薩道中,菩薩道是康莊的大道,就如在《法華經》中,大地草木需要雨露,無論多大的雨,多細的露,同樣都是普及大地,那就看大地上接受雨露,是小草或是大樹呢?一雨普潤,當然我們如果發大心,大根機,當然就如大樹吸收很多雨水,不只是自受用,也能潤濕大地,這就是發大心立大願。
好像大地上的大樹一樣,若是小花小草,那就是太大了,對小花小草,不但不是很大的利益,說不定小草小花,會被大雨大水沖掉,所以說起來,根機適合佛法,佛法適合根機,看我們發什麼心立什麼願?我們就是接受什麼樣的雨露,這就要我們自己冷暖自知。
但是佛陀盼望我們眾生,就是能如大樹能接受到大法,因為大樹能庇蔭大地,有很大的水來時,它能吸收,上面吸收了雨露,下面慢慢釋放,所以我們常常聽到,現在大地有那麼多的災難,土石流,為什麼稍微下大雨,整個山都會崩下來,若是一段時間不下雨,水庫的水就消失了,當然這就是因為水土破壞,水土破壞就是因為,砍掉了很多大樹,因為這樣就沒有保護的功能了,所以大樹是多麼重要,我們既然發大心,我們要吸收大法,我們要好好依教奉行,精進於菩薩道上,菩薩是上求佛法、下化眾生,所以我們若要下化眾生,使人人都啟發這念愛心,使人人能身體力行,這種克己復禮,或是人倫道德,這都需要有人,去牽引他、去引導他。
人若是沉迷於五欲,自然容易脫軌,脫離了人倫道德,那就是迷了,我們學佛,以正覺好好來引導,使他們能脫迷入正覺,這也就是佛陀來人間,要教育眾生的目標,我們既然發心了、立願了,所以我們要依教奉行,換我們要度沉倫在,五欲中的這些眾生,我們要趕快引導他、牽引他,能脫離這種心靈的迷夢中,我們要讓他脫離,入正覺,這就是我們的使命,所以大家要用心。
因為我們人多數都是因為五欲,使我們沉迷,之前不是說過了,「妻子眷屬 非復我親」,現在卿卿我我,有的人為情犧牲、殉情,這樣對不對呢?這都是業緣的牽引,所以沒有業緣不會會合,好的緣互相會合成就,惡的緣冤家眷屬,實在不是我們的,「七珍寶飾 乃為他玩」,到了最後也是別人的,世間說這是寶貝,這是最寶貴值錢的東西,無論是什麼東西,一口氣不來,都不是我們的,都是別人在賞玩的,不是我們的。
所以說來,世間這都是果報,有福的就能得到世間,很多豐富的物質,這是過去生中所造的福,這一生中就是讓我們得到很多,高樓大廈,嬌妻美妾,看起來很歡喜的眷屬,這是過去有福的緣,但是,是不是永遠的呢?所以佛陀就這麼說:
一切有為法
如夢幻泡影
如露亦如電
應作如是觀
《金剛經》

世間如此短暫,我們還要執著在哪裡呢?既然就是不必執著,我們就要好好覺悟,我們自己要自覺,我們還要覺他,唯有接受佛陀的大法,上求下化,這個世間才真正能祥和平靜,人間即淨土,這就是很期待,我們學佛者能有這個使命感,下面這段懺文就這麼說,既然這些妻子、珍玩,一切東西都不是我們的,何必迷?何必執著?
是故佛語須跋陀言
汝師鬱頭藍弗
利根聰明
能伏煩惱
至於非非想處
命終還作畜生道中
飛狸之身
況復餘者
這段文字是佛陀,最後在雙樹林要取入滅之前,那時有一位叫做須跋陀,中文譯作善賢,他是在鳩尸那城的一位梵志,也是修行者,他已經來皈依佛,為佛最後的弟子,那一年他已經一百二十歲了,這位一百二十歲的梵志,原來是外道教的修行者,他覺得他所修的不是究竟,真正人間的大覺者就是佛,唯有佛陀的教法才能使他,得到究竟解脫的道理,所以他知道佛陀即將取入滅了,他趕快來求教皈依。
那時佛陀為他開示八聖道,當時他心意開解了,同時他就得到初果,所以我常對大家說,不論是四聖諦或是八正道,這都是在《三十七助道品》中,我們要時時將《三十七助道品》,用在我們的日常生活中,這位最後來皈依,所得到的就是八正道和四諦法,使他能得到初果,所以這是這一段的故事。
佛陀對這位須跋陀這樣說,要好好求取正法,不是指貪著禪的解脫。他就對他說,你的老師鬱頭藍弗,雖然他利根聰明,能降伏煩惱,雖然他往生之後,他能得到非想非非想定,非想非非想定在禪定是最高的,非想非非想定生彼天壽八萬劫,因為定的階層很高,所以將來他生天,
有八萬劫那麼長,若說起劫來大家應該知道,這應該是無法計算的天文數字,一劫一增一減為一小劫,再累積下來八萬劫,你們想有多長,命終還作飛狸之身,要墜入畜生道,雖然他已經
能得到那麼高的定,他雖然能生天,壽命有那麼長,最終他還是要墜入在這個畜生道中。所以
若只是執著於修定缺少慧,定中要有慧,有慧一定要有愛,在慧中要有有情,所以叫覺有情,
覺就是智慧,有情就是愛,不捨眾生就如佛陀宇宙的大覺者,他不捨眾生回入娑婆,這種事間一切的欲念,都不會去影響到他的心,這才是真正的正定。假使只是取境界來練自己的心,萬一有什麼境界出現時,同樣還是要墜落。雖然可以到非想非非想定,得到八萬劫的壽命,但是同樣還是有墜落的時刻,總是有數就有盡。所以接下來再這麼說,
故知未登聖果已還
皆應輪轉

那種已經達到非想非非想定,能得到那麼長的壽命,不過,他還在三界中還沒真正解脫,只不過在賢位,還沒有到聖位,所以這還在輪迴中,所以
備經惡趣 如不謹慎
忽爾一朝 親嬰斯事
將不悔哉

我們修行,要脫離六道輪迴,一定要登聖果,就是要超出三界,才能脫離六道輪迴。我們若還在輪迴中,讓你壽再長,在三界中讓你壽再長,同樣輪轉。福盡了,煩惱還是會生起,好比種子用石頭把它壓住,石頭如果拿開,同樣因緣又會合了,種子一樣會再長出來。同樣的道理,所以我們修行,一定要好好把我們煩惱的種子完全要消除,不要只是把它壓制住就好了,我發脾氣了,我要快點壓下去壓下去,這個壓下去就是還有發作的時候,所以說忍而無忍才是真正的大忍,我們若是還有事情,讓我們忍著還是煩惱的種子存在,所以我大家要很了解道理,要不然輪迴福盡或是定稍微動搖一下,可能還在輪轉中「備經惡趣」,這個惡趣還是一樣在三界之內六道輪迴中,以這種備經惡趣,所以我們若不謹慎一點,「如不謹慎 忽爾一朝」,只是一念一動起來,那個定,若一念一動,「親嬰斯事」,「斯事」是什麼呢?什麼事呢?六道輪迴不是來做人受苦,便是在地獄、餓鬼、畜生道中,這些事都是在三界六道之內,所以這種輪轉真的是很可怕,我們難道能不好好懺悔嗎?過去的我們既然做了,不論我今天有做或沒做,其實我們過去一定有做,無論我們今生是否和人結了冤和怨,有沒有,但前世一定有,所以不要說我這一生都沒有做什麼,其實是我們前世已經因與緣結下來了,這一世只不過是一個果報而已,
所以我們既然果報已受,我們要能看得開,不要再糾纏,結怨連仇就不要了,解冤釋結,我們若要解冤釋結,就要時時懺悔,來的時候我們要甘願受,心不要受苦,不要為了這些事,反覆煩惱不休,所以既受的,我們就要放棄,不要再結怨結仇。未來的呢?未來的,我們的福緣要趕快造,要不然即使修到八萬劫,若是盡了,因為他無福,所以他一墜落就是畜生道,所以不只是說,我坐禪我解脫,其實禪,定我們的心,只不過是為我們助緣,讓我們有定力。但是我們必定要有慧根,慧根就會有這分不忍眾生苦,自然會造福,就能福慧平行,我們若福慧平行,
要墜入惡道,就不會了。沒有那個緣牽引我們到惡道去,無非乘願再來人間,乘願來救濟眾生,
所以我們學佛要很謹慎,不要讓我們一念無明起,稍微搖動,這種業相現前一樣要墜落,所以我們既立志修行,正道為依皈,依教奉行,精進菩薩道,引導眾生脫迷入正覺,這才是我們的使命。所以我們大家要時時多用心。
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靜思晨語--20130204《法譬如水》精進脫迷入正覺 Empty
發表主題: 回復: 靜思晨語--20130204《法譬如水》精進脫迷入正覺   靜思晨語--20130204《法譬如水》精進脫迷入正覺 Empty周日 3月 31, 2013 6:47 pm

Lecturer: Master Cheng-Yan
Subject: Transcend Delusion to Attain Enlightenment (精進脫迷入正覺)
Establish a vow to practice, take refuge in the Right Path. Follow the Buddha's teachings, diligently walk the Bodhisattva-path. Guide sentient beings to escape delusion and attain Perfect Enlightenment.

We have all formed aspirations and made vows. Since we have the will to practice, we must walk the Right Path. Since we have mentally taken refuge in the Right Path, we must practice the Buddha’s teachings. The Buddha taught us to diligently walk the Bodhisattva-path. The Bodhisattva-path is a very broad road. As stated in the Lotus Sutra, the earth, grass and trees need rain and dew. Whether it is a heavy rain or a light dew, it will cover the land. Whether a tiny blade of grass or a big tree, everything is nourished by the rain. Of course, if we make a great vow, and have great capabilities, we are like a big tree that absorbs a lot of water. Not only will we use it, we can also nourish the land. When we make a great vow, we will be like the big trees. But for a small flower or blade of grass, heavy rain is too much and not very beneficial. Perhaps they will be washed away by heavy rain. Therefore, our capabilities need to match the Dharma. The Dharma needs to suit our capabilities. Depending on our aspirations and vows, we receive that amount of dew and rain. We are the only ones who know that suits us. But the Buddha hoped that we sentient beings can be like trees and receive great Dharma, because big trees can protect the land. If there is a flood, trees can absorb the water. They take in the rain above and slowly release it below. Nowadays we hear about so many natural disasters like landslides. Why does heavy rain cause landsides? Why does the water in the reservoir disappear if it does not rain for some time? This is because the ecosystem is damaged. It is damaged because after we cut down big trees they can no longer protect the soil. So, big trees are very important. Since we have made a great vow, let us absorb great Dharma, practice the Buddha’s teachings and diligently walk the Bodhisattva-path. We seek the Buddha’s way and transform sentient beings. If we want to inspire sentient beings to develop loving thoughts and put them into practice, to instill self-discipline and revive courtesy, or to return to human morals and ethics, we need to guide them.
If people are lost in the Five Desires, they will easily go astray and deviate from morals and ethics.That is delusion.When we learn Buddhism, we use wisdom to help all beings escape delusions.This was the Buddha’s goal when.He came to teach sentient beings.
Since we have made a vow, let us practice the Buddha’s teachings.It is our turn to help transform those lost in the Five Desires.We need to guide them, and lead them out of theirs delusional dream-state.Helping them escape and attain Perfect Enlightenments is our mission.Everyone, please be mindful.
We humans are often deluded by the Five Desires.Earlier, I talked about how “Our wives, children and family members, will no longer be our relatives.”People may in intimate relationships.Some of them make sacrifices or even die for love.Is that right?This is the influence of karma affinity.
Without it, people will not come together.With good affinities we help each other succeed.With bad affinities family members become enemies.In the end, nothing will belong to us.“Our treasures and jewelry will belong to others.”In the end they belong to others.
Society places value on objects, making them precious and expensive.No matter what they are, when we stop breathing, they no longer belong to us.Other people get to enjoy them.
They are not ours.
Therefore, everything in the world is karmic retribution.If we are blessed, we can attain an abundance of material goods.The blessings we created in past lives allow us to enjoy plenty of things in this life, like luxury high-rise apartments, beautiful and wonderful spouses, pleasant families and relatives.These affinities were created by past blessings.
But will they last forever?The Buddha told us,

all conditioned things are like dreams, illusions, bubbles, shadows.

Everyone memorizes this from the Diamond Sutra.Truly, all conditioned things, all things that are created, are nothing more than dreams, shadows or bubbles.
Life is so short.Why are we so attached?Since we do not need to be attached, let us be enlightened.We need to enlighten ourselves and also enlighten others.Only by accepting the Buddha’s great Dharma, by seeking Dharma and helping others, can this world truly be calm and peaceful.Then, this world is a Pure Land.I hope that Buddhist practitioners have this sense of mission.
The repentance text continues to say that,“since neither wives, precious objects, not anything else belong to us, why be deluded?Why be attached? ”

“The Buddha told Subhadra, Your teacher Udraka Ramaputra was highly capable and smart.He could tame afflictions and was able to attain the Samadhi of Neither Thought not Non-thought.After he died, he was still reborn in the Animal Realm in the form of a flying squirrel.So what can be expected of others?”

This passage was spoken by the Buddha, before He entered Parinirvana at the Sala Grove.
At that time there was a person called Subhadra, which means Good Virtue [in Sanskrit].
He was a Brahmacarin from Kushinagar.He was also a spiritual practitioner.He had taken refuge with the Buddha, and was the Buddha’s last disciple.He was 120 years old that year.
This 120-year-old Brahmacarin previously followed non-Buddhist practices, but felt that he had not found the ultimate.
The Buddha was the Great Enlightened One. Only the Buddha’s teachings could allow him to attain the truth of ultimate liberation. So, when learned the Buddha was he rushed to ask for teaching and to take refuge. The Buddha taught the Eightfold Noble Path for him.
At the moment, his mind and thoughts were freed. In the moment, he attained the First Fruition. So I often tell everyone, the Four Noble Truths and Eightfold Noble Path are both found in the 37 Practices to Enlightenment.
We must always use these 37 practices in our daily living. When this man came to take refuge, he received the Eight Noble Path and Four Noble Truths. These allowed him to attain the First-Fruition. So, this is a story from that time.
The Buddha told Subhadra, “Focus on seeking and obtaining the Right Dharma. Do not only crave the liberation of meditation” He told him, “Your teacher, Udraka Ramaputra, was highly capable and very smart.He could tame afflictions, In his lifetime he was able to attain the Samadhi of Neither Thought nor Non-thought, which is the highest state of meditation.After death, this Samadhi led him to be born in Heaven with a lifespan of 80,000 Kalpas.Because his level of Samadhi was very high, when he is born into the Heavens, he will stay there for 80,000 Kalpas.” When we talk about Kalpas, everyone should know it is an incalculable, astronomical length of time.
Think about how long 80,000 Kalpas is. Yet after he dies, he will be born a squirrel. He will descend into the Animal Realm. Look, even though he had already attained such a high-level of Samadhi and could be born in Heaven, where he would have a long life,eventually he would still descend into the Animal Realm.
He was only attached to practicing Samadhi, but lacked wisdom. There must be wisdom with Samadhi. There must be love in wisdom .So, Bodhisattvas have enlightened love. Enlightenment is wisdom.They have enlightened love, so they feel for sentient beings, just like the Enlightened One who would not abandon them, always returning to the Saha-world.
No worldly desires can influence His mind. This is true Right Samadhi.If one only trains his mind to seek certain states if certain states appear, he will follow them and will eventually descend, even though he attained a high of Samadhi and a life 80,000 Kalpas.There will still be a moment when he falls. If it is finite, there is an end .So the next passage states,

“Before they attained the fruit of realization, they have already returned to transmigration”

Those who attain Samadhi of Neither Thought nor Non-thought can attain a long life. But they still remain in the Three Realms. They have not attained true liberation. They only reached a level of virtue ,not the level of full realization.
So ,they are still transmigrating,thus ,

“going through all Evil Destinies.If we are not careful,suddenly one day we will experience such retribution.Then won’t we be filled with regrets ?”

We need to practices to be free of transmigration in the Six Realms. We must attain the supreme fruit of realization to transcend the Three Realms and liberate ourselves from cyclic existence. If we still remain in cyclic existence no matter how long we live ,we are still transmigrating in the Three Realms.When our blessings end ,afflictions will arise ,it is like a seed covered by a rock. If we remove the rock causes and conditions will converge and the seed will grow again.
The principle is the same.So ,in our practice we must completely eliminate the seeds of aflfictions ,not just suppress them. If we lose our temper and try to suppress it ,we may lose it again.
We should endure as if there is nothing to endure ,that is truly great patience. If we are still suppressing things ,the seeds of affliction still remain. So ,we need to understand the truth ,
or we will continue to transmigrate. When blessings end , or if our Samsdhi wavers ,we remain in that cycle and “go through all Evil Destinies “.These Evil Destinies are still within the cyclic existence of the Three Realms. So ,we go through all Evil Destinies.“If we are not careful , suddenly one day ,”a thought stirs , and our Samadhi wavers ,“we will experience that retribution”.
What is “that retribution”?Transmigrating in the Six Realms.If not enduring pain as a human ,
we are in the Hell ,Hungry Ghost , or Animal Realms.These are all within the Three Realms.
So ,this transmigration is truly terrifying.
How can we not repent ?We did things in the past. Whether we do anything today or not ,
we must have done many things in the past. Whether or not we created enmity and resentment in this lifetime,we must have done so in previous lives.
So do not say ,”I didn’t do anything in this life“.Actually ,in previous lives we already created the causes and conditions. This life is just a karmic retribution.Since we are facting karmic retribution,we must let go to our afflictions. Do not continue to create entanglements , resentment,enmity.Instead, resolve all your grievances. If we want to resolve all grievances ,
we need to constantly repent.
When retribution comes ,ebdure it willingly;do not suffer mentally. Do not stay afflicted over these matters. When we face retributions , we must let go. Do not create more resentment and enmity.
What about the future ?For the future, let us create blessed conditions. Otherwise , even if our lifespan is 80,000 kalpas ,when that is exhausted we have no blessings and descend straight into the Animal Realm.
So ,do not just say ,“I meditate , I attained liberation” .Meditation calms our minds. It is just a helpful condition.It allows us to develop Samadhi.But we must have the Roots of Wisdom.
Then we cannot bear to see sentient beings suffer,and we will naturally work to help them.
We must cultivate both blessings and wisdom.
If we can do so ,We will not descend into the Evil Destinies. There will be no affinity to lead us there ,unless we are vowing to return to this world to save and relieve sentient beings.
When we learn Buddhism we must be careful and not allow ignorant thoughts to arise.
Once we begin to waver,karmic manifestations appear and we will descend.Since we have resolved to practice,we take refuge in the Right Path,practice the Buddha’s teachings ,
diligently walk the Bodhisattva-path , and guide sentient beings to escape delusion and attain Perfect Enlightenment.
That is our mission.
So everyone ,please always be mindful
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