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 靜思晨語--20130208《法譬如水》因果業力一念間

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發表主題: 靜思晨語--20130208《法譬如水》因果業力一念間   靜思晨語--20130208《法譬如水》因果業力一念間 Empty周五 2月 08, 2013 1:53 pm


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發表主題: 回復: 靜思晨語--20130208《法譬如水》因果業力一念間   靜思晨語--20130208《法譬如水》因果業力一念間 Empty周五 2月 08, 2013 3:43 pm

【證嚴上人開示】
每天都在對大家說要相信因緣果報,我們若:
不信因果造地獄因
苦樂都在一念間
業力果報現前時
頃刻萬死感地獄報
所以地獄離人間不遠,各人造什麼樣的業,不要說這輩子,看不到地獄在哪裡呢?業報若是現前,其實地獄就在人間,不是看不到,先來和大家分享,這樣的一段故事,那就是在《蓮池大師戒殺文》中,有這段故事,那就是在大陸陝西蒲城縣,那之間有一戶人家,這戶人家是真正富有,是一個大戶人家,但是先生早年就開始素食,虔誠禮佛,信仰三寶,皈依佛門。
所以這位先生很樂善好施,不過他的太太就是很不滿他的先生,皈依於佛門,又是素食,又是一直愛布施,所以這位太太,她每天都愛吃生靈,很貪吃美味、好的東西,有一回是她的生日,她把她的奴僕,廚房的人,全都叫來說,我這回的大生日,要好好請客,你們要替我鋪排,殺豬屠羊,雞鴨當然就不必說了,當然是不計其數,這些東西大家就趕快去採購了,全部買來集中在廚房外,叫聲很多,很嘈雜的生靈叫聲。
先生聽到這種哀叫的聲音,就來對他的太太說,夫人,妳做生日雖然可以大肆慶祝,不過怎麼可以用那麼多的生靈,來犧牲呢?這些生靈為了妳一個生日,就要犧牲那麼大,你可不可以多發一個慈悲心,多種一些福緣來修福業。
先生這麼說,太太不讓先生說完,太太就說,你這樣說,這實在太過荒謬了,太過頭了,這些眾生來到人間,就是要讓人殺,就是要讓人吃的,你不去殺牠、不去吃牠,幾十年後,這個世界不是變成一個,禽獸的世界嗎?這些道理你都不必對我說,我絕對不改變我的主意,你有你的生活,我有我的生活,我無法管你,你不必來管我,就是如此惡口厲言,對待他的先生,先生覺得無奈,慨嘆著離開那裡。
那天晚上開始,在睡眠中,天將亮之前,太太突然間,好像她的靈魂,已經脫離她的身體,自己好像走到廚房去,看到廚師都已經集合了,無論是奴或是婢,都已經一早就在準備了,看到那些生靈在那裡哀叫,也看到廚師拿著刀,開始捲袖子,大家都已經準備好了,去把那隻豬抬過來,放在條凳排列好,這隻豬四隻腳綑綁的,那種哀叫的聲音非常淒厲,好像她的靈魂跑進這隻豬身上,那時好像她自己也在那裡很掙扎,在呼救求饒。
但是看到那個屠夫,廚房裡的廚師,刀很尖利,拿起來一直逼近她的身邊,那種掙扎、那種哀號,大聲一直叫,但是這把刀,還是往她的喉嚨刺進去,那種痛、那種哀叫無法形容,血一直在流,氣還未斷,滾燙的熱水就開始淋下來了,去刮豬毛,那時的痛,不是人間任何的痛苦能夠形容,非常非常苦痛,就這樣像千刀萬剮,從喉嚨進去,全身遍體鱗傷,接下來好像非常痛苦,靈魂飄飄,非常痛苦。
又看到接下來的就是羊了,羊也是在那裡滾動掙扎,在那之間,她自己的心魂,好像又投入這頭羊身上,開始又一樣刀進刀出,那種苦痛已經是無法形容了,再接下來開始,就是雞鴨尖叫的聲音,好像一一她都是附在,這些雞鴨的身上,她的靈魂一一經過這麼多的生命,無論是刀的地獄,或是血光的地獄,或是滾水燒燙的地獄,或是在鍋裡煮的地獄,下油鍋炸油湯,這些都一一經過,那種苦痛都開始經歷過了。
在這之間,忽然間有一位她的老僕人,很高興,提著一條活生生的鯉魚,這條魚活生生,已經捧進來廚房了,這之間,她的婢女也在廚房,她看到了說,真好,你去那裡找來這條,這麼大、這麼肥,又活跳跳的,很好,夫人最喜歡吃魚丸,趕快來殺吧,開始在殺,還活著就一直在刮魚鱗,魚鱗活生生地一直刮,她的靈魂還是附在那隻鯉魚上面。
當時她在那裡一直在呼叫救我、救我,但是看到每個人都像在辦喜事,那種喜氣洋洋,這種經歷,真的是求救無門,在很哀叫,很痛苦哀叫那時候,自己醒過來了,醒過來後,整個身體還好像在被刀割,被火燒,在被油燙,實在是身心痛苦難堪。
看到她的婢女,捧進來讓她洗手臉等等,對這個太太說,她說,夫人,您趕快起來了,起來洗手臉,趕快,有妳很愛吃的魚丸,已經都煮好了,早餐有魚丸。她一聽非常惶恐,跟她說,妳趕快全部端出去,趕快全端出去,我苦不堪言,這個奴婢也覺得很奇怪,平時這麼愛吃魚丸,提到了應該很高興,一早就有得吃,為什麼呢?
就去對她的先生說,夫人好像病了。先生過來時,看到她魂不附體,那種哀號痛苦,趕快去安撫她,是怎麼了?她就一一將夢中,這些事說給先生聽,先生說,妳是夢,不是夢,我是真的經歷了地獄的苦痛,所以我現在知道地獄的苦痛,難堪難忍,我現在想要和你一起信佛,我要懺悔,懺悔過去所造一切,我相信有地獄,有因果,我怕,我惶恐,很痛苦,從此開始她要素食了,她要皈依了。
雖然文章是寫到這裡,但是,這是在清朝的時代,是不是皈依之後,素食之後,她就能免去地獄苦呢?是不是這段經歷之後,在她的精神那種折磨,是不是能消除呢?不知道,總而言之,地獄到底離人間多遠,應該不遠,因為這種不信因果,造地獄因,那種苦樂在一念之間,你要造福或是要造禍呢?
造福當然就是得到快樂的報,若是造惡,當然是受苦難折磨,身心的痛苦,這本來就是因果,所以業力若現前,果報現前時,真的是頃刻之間,一下子之間,她能經歷那麼多地獄的苦報,她能經歷那麼多地獄的苦報,真的是罪、罪業,我們若是敢做,報應就不遠了,所以我們要好好相信因果。
我們現在再看,接下來這段懺文說:
罪業因緣 不相妨礙
上火徹下 下火徹上
東西南北 通徹交過
如魚在鏊 脂膏皆盡
此中罪苦 亦復如是
因為我們昨天說過了,地獄的形態,周匝有七重鐵城,七重鐵網,還有七重的刀為林,這種很多的猛火,都從四面八方聚集過來,寬有縱廣八萬四千由旬,罪人墮入地獄,一人亦滿、實在是多人亦滿,剛才這位太太的地獄報應,你看同一個地獄,在那個形態中,就是她一個人不斷經歷,你看,多麼寬、多麼大的地獄,一個人也滿滿的,受到經歷那麼多的罪報,所以這個「罪業因緣」,哪怕是再多人在裡面,也覺得自己所受說的報應,已經無法去顧及還有另外的人。
所以說來,「不相妨礙」,地獄不論多大,無論多少人,你受你的罪,我受我的罪,彼此之間不相妨礙,地獄的形相,「上火徹下 下火徹上」,上面有火,下面有火,這種「東西南北 通徹交過」,無論是上面,無論是四面八方,火的地獄就是這樣四面八方,人如果在那裡面,周圍都是火,就好比「魚在鏊」,就是在那種釜鼎上,火無論是用烤的、用煎的,周圍都是火,上面也是火,下面也是火,那種魚在鏊中,「脂膏皆盡」,體內的油都被逼出來了,所以「脂膏皆盡」。
看看在炸油,無論是什麼生靈,你乾乾的鍋子把牠放下去,活活地煎,油就一直冒出來了,所以「脂膏皆盡」,所以「此中罪苦 亦復如是」,地獄的苦就是如此,這都是業力因緣,所以無論是什麼人在受罪,什麼人都不妨礙什麼人,各人受各人的罪報,所以這個地獄,火燒紅的地獄,上下交徹,真的是苦不堪。
人若在那裡頭,真的是苦不堪,這個地獄中,還有:
其城四門
有四大銅狗
其身縱廣四千由旬
牙爪鋒長
眼如掣電
復有無量鐵嘴諸鳥
奮翼飛騰
噉罪人肉
可怕嗎?地獄就是如此,你看,火四面八方,上下交徹,罪人在那裡已經都燒爛了,尤其是預防這些罪人會跑出去,所以那個城有四個門,有四大銅狗在那裡看顧,而且「其身縱廣」,這些狗的身體很大,銅狗的牙和指甲都很長,罪人如果要逃避時,牠們的牙很長,銅鐵的指甲把他勾回來,你們想,罪人在那裡掙扎,想逃也無路逃,尤其是牠的眼睛,好像很強的電光一樣會射你,即使逃也無路可逃。
還有「無量鐵嘴諸鳥」,鳥是鐵的嘴,鳥的鐵嘴很尖,你在那裡掙扎時,全身已經潰爛了,鐵鳥就「奮翼飛騰」,開始就飛起來,展翅開始飛起來,罪人受火的地獄,全身潰爛之後,牠就在那裡啄食、吃肉,看,這種地獄可怕不可怕,人間是不是有這樣的呢?
有的看人在吃魚,或是吃肉,不是用鍋子煮的而已,他用烤的,叉住了,在火爐中讓周圍的火那樣子烤,烤了之後油一直滴,然後再一塊一塊撕食,你們想,這和地獄差多少呢?只是那些動物在受這種,人間地獄的刑具,牠哀叫無門,所以我們最好,要好好起一念好心,尊重生命,我們能放生,我們能護生,我們可以不去殺生,這樣我們是不是心很安呢?
所以各位,學佛我們要相信因果,我們若不相信因果,等到業相現前時,頃刻之間萬生萬死,感地獄的報應,那就不堪言,所以大家要時時多用心。
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發表主題: 回復: 靜思晨語--20130208《法譬如水》因果業力一念間   靜思晨語--20130208《法譬如水》因果業力一念間 Empty周一 4月 01, 2013 8:47 pm

Lecturer: Master Cheng-Yan
Subject: Karmic Forces and the Mind (因果業力一念間)
Every day I remind everyone to believe in the karmic law of cause and effect.

If we do not believe in cause and effect, we may create the causes of Hell.Suffering or joy is determined by a single thought. When karmic retribution appears, in an instant we feel 10,000 deaths and the retribution of Hell.

Hell is not far from the Human Realm. People create different kinds of negative karma. Do not say you cannot see Hell anywhere in this lifetime. If karmic retribution manifests, Hell is actually here, it is not invisible. Let me first share this story from Master Lian-Chi’s Essay on Not Killing. This story took place in China’s Shanxi Province, in Pucheng County. There was a very wealthy family. It was a large family. At a young age the husband became vegetarian, reverently paid respect to the Buddha, believed in the Three Treasures, and took refuge in Buddhism. This man was kind and charitable. But his wife was not happy that her husband took refuge in the Buddha, was vegetarian and was always very generous. She loved to eat live creatures every day, and craved tasty food. At one time, her birthday was approaching. She gathered her servants and kitchen aids. She told them, “I want to throw a feast for my birthday. You have to arrange it. Slaughter pigs, lambs, and of course chickens and ducks. The number of animals does not matter.” So, they went to purchase these animals and gathered them right outside the kitchen. It was very loud with all the noisy cries of these living creatures. When the husband heard these wails, he said, “My dear, you can have a big birthday celebration, but how can you sacrifice so many living beings? Will you really sacrifice all these lives just for your birthday? Can’t you be compassionate and sow more blessed conditions to create blessed karma?” The wife did not let her husband finish talking. She said, “What you just said is truly ridiculous and over the line. These sentient beings came to this world to be killed, to be eaten by people. If you do not kill them or eat them after a few decades, won’t this world be filled with beasts? You don’t have to lecture me about this. I absolutely will not change my mind. You live your way, I live mine. I can’t control you. You shouldn’t control me.” She spoke such harsh and hurtful words to her husband. The husband felt helpless, so he sighted and left.
That night, before dawn, in her sleep, she suddenly felt like her spirit left her body.She felt like she was in the kitchen.She saw that the chefs had already gathered.The male and female servants had been preparing since early morning.She saw those living beings wailing.She also saw the chef holding a knife.He rolled up his sleeves.Everyone was already prepared.They lifted the pig and laid it on a bench.The legs of the pig were tied together.The sounds of those wails were very agonizing.
She felt like her soul went into this pig.It seemed like she was also struggling, yelling for mercy.She saw the butcher, the chef, holding a sharp knife as he approached her.She struggled and wailed and screamed loudly.But the knife stabbed into her throat.The pain and her cries were indescribable.The blood kept flowing out.Before she took her last breath, boiling hot water rained down to remove the pig’s hair.The pain in that moment could not be described in human terms.It was very painful, like being cut by a thousand knives, as if they entered through her throat and cut up her entire body.
What followed was extreme agony.Her spirit was lost in pain.Next she saw the lamb.The lamb also rolled around and struggled.At that moment, she felt her spirit enterer the body of this lamb.Similarly, the knife went in and out.That pain was already indescribable.
Next came the shrieks of ducks and chickens.She felt like she was in each of their bodies.
Her spirit experienced all these living beings.Whether it was a hell of knives, a hell of blood, a hell of boiling water, a hell of being cooked in a pot, or a hell of being fried in oil, she experienced each one.
She experienced all that pain.At that moment, an old manservant happily entered with a live carp.He carried this living fish into the kitchen.Her maidservant was also in the kitchen.
She saw it and said, “Great!”“Where did you find this big, fat fish?”“It’s even alive. That’s great.”“The mistress loves to eat fish balls.”“Hurry up and kill it.”
They began to kill it.They scaled it while it was still alive.Her spirit was still attached to the carp.At that moment she was still screaming, “Save me! Save me!”But as everyone prepared for this feast, they looked happy and joyful.
She felt what it was like to have no means of being saved.As she cried out in terrible pain, she woke up.After waking, she felt her body was still being cut by knives, burnt by fire, and fried by oil.The pain in her body and mind was unbearable.
Then her maidservant brought water to wash her hands and face.She said to her, “Mistress, hurry up and gut out of bed.”“Wash your hands and face.” “We have prepared the fish balls you love” “You can have them for breakfast” She heard this and became fearful She said, “Take it away. Take it all away” I am in unspeakable pain.
The maidservant felt this was strange.Her mistress usually loved to eat fish balls. She should be happy to hear that she could eat them this morning.What had happened? So she told her master, “I think the mistress is ill”. He came over and saw that she not herself.She was wailing in pain. He quickly comforted her, “What’s the matter?” She then described every part of her dream to her husband. He said, “You were dreaming”. “It was not a dream” “I truly experienced the suffering of Hell.So now I know that the pain of Hell is intolerable and unbearable”.
Now I want to practice Buddhism with you. I want to repent everything. I have ever done. I believe there is a Hell, and cause and effect. I’m afraid; I’m frightened. It is so painful.
At that time she became a vegetarian and also took refuge.
The essay stops here. This happened in the Qing Dynasty. Could she avoid the suffering of Hell after she took refuge and became vegetarian? After this experience, after this spiritual torture, could she eliminate her karma?
I don’t’ know. But all in all, how far is Hell from the Human Realm? Probably not far. If we do not believe in cause and effect we may create the causes of Hell. Suffering and joy are decided in a single thought. Do you want to create blessings or misfortunes?
Creating blessings brings retributions of joy. If we commit evil, we will be tormented by suffering, by pain in body and mind. This is the nature of cause and effect. If karmic forces and retributions manifest, truly, in an instant, one can experience so many painful retributions of Hell.Truly, if we dare to commit transgressions, retributions will not be far off.
So, we must believe in karmic cause and effect. Now let us look at this next passage,

“One’s negative karmic causes and conditions do not interfere with those of their wrongdoers.Flames burn down from above, and up from below. From east, west, south, north, the fire burns everywhere.Like fish in a griddle, one’s fat is cooked away.The suffering there is always like this”

We have described the appearance of Hell. It is surrounded by seven walls of heavy iron, seven nets of heavy iron, and seven forests of knives.Scorching flames come from all directions. Hell extends over 84,000 yojanas. When a wrongdoer descends into Hell, one person fills it up, and many will also fill it up. The retributions of Hell that the wife faced as the same.She experienced those aspects of Hell.
You see, Hell is wide and vast. It can be filled with one person’s suffering when one experiences so much retribution. These are “negative karmic causes and conditions”.No matter how many people there are ,they only feel their own retribution.They cannot pay attention to anyone else.
So ,they “do not interfere with each other “.No matter how big Hell is ,how many there are ,
you will face your punishment , I will face mine.We will not interfere with each other at all.
Hell is described as “Flames burn down from above , and up from below”.There are flames above and flames below.“From east ,west , south , north”“they all intersect ”Whether it is from above ,or from all directions ,the flames of Hell come from everywhere. If humans are inside, they are surrounded by fire.
They are like “fish on a griddle.”Hell is like being on a griddle,whether we are being baked , or fried,we are surrounded by fire. There is fire above and below.When fish are on a griddle,
“the fat is cooked away ”.The fat inside their body is rendered ,so “the fat is cooked away ”.
Look at the frying oil.No matter what kind of creature it is ,if we drop it into an empty pan and fry it ,the fat will keep coming out. So “the fat is cooked away”“The suffering there is always like this ”.
The suffering in Hell is just like this. It comes from karmic causes and conditions.No matter who is being punished ,they will not interfere with each other. They each face their own retribution.So in Hell , the red hot fires of Hell intersect from above and below. The suffering is unbearable. Whoever is there faces unbearable pain.In this Hell ,

“The four doors of the city have four big bronze dogs. Each dog’s body is so wide it covers 4000 yoianas. Their teeth and claws are sharp ,their eyes are like lightning. There are also countless iron –beaked birds .They excitedly take flight and feed on the flesh of wrongdoers.

Scary ?Hell is just like this. You see ,flames come from all directions and intersect.The wrongdoers are all burnt to a crisp.To prevent these wrongdoers from escaping ,they city has four doors. Four large bronze dogs stand guard. And ,”Each dog’s body is so wide “
They are very big. Their teeth and nails are also very long. If wrongdoers try to escape,
they drag them back with their long nails and teeth.
Think about it .The wrongdoers struggling there ,have no way to escape.And the dog’s eyes are bright like lasers and can shoot out at people. There is nowherer to run. There are also “countless iron-beaked birds “.These birds have sharp iron beaks. As the people in Hell struggle,their bodies are already rotting. The iron birds “excitedly take flight”.They open their wings and fly. After the bodies of wrongdoers rot in the fires of Hell ,they peck at and eat the flesh.
Look ,isn’t this hell scary?Do we see this happen in the Human Relam?Look at people eating fish or meat. Not only do they cook them in pots,they also roast them. They spear them and roast them in fire. They fry them until the fat drips. Then they tear off bites to eat.
Think about it. How different is this from Hell?When these animals faced the torture devices of Hell on Earth,they cried without relief.
So it is best we give rise to good thoughts and respect life.We can liberate and protect living beings ,we can avoid killing them.
Then won’t our minds be at peace?So everyone ,in learning Buddhism , believe in cause and effect. If we do not believe in cause and effect,by the time karma manifests ,we instantly experience 10,000 births and deaths,feel the retribution of Hell.That suffering will be unspeakable.
So everyone ,please always be mindful.
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靜思晨語--20130208《法譬如水》因果業力一念間
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