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 靜思晨語--20130213《法譬如水》超凡入聖歸本性

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發表主題: 靜思晨語--20130213《法譬如水》超凡入聖歸本性    靜思晨語--20130213《法譬如水》超凡入聖歸本性  Empty周三 2月 13, 2013 8:38 pm


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NjNXeUS2y-k
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發表主題: 回復: 靜思晨語--20130213《法譬如水》超凡入聖歸本性    靜思晨語--20130213《法譬如水》超凡入聖歸本性  Empty周四 2月 14, 2013 8:13 am

【證嚴上人開示】
學佛要時時用心,我們一點點念頭偏差,真的是毫釐與千里之差,我們人人雖然都說,人之初、性本善,不過我們凡夫不斷輪迴,在六道不斷受到污染,所以變成善惡無記,你要為善或是行惡,只在一念心轉而已;不論你造什麼善,或是造什麼惡,其實這和各人所做的,都是各人所受。
前面我們的懺文不是說過了,受報就是互相不妨礙,一人亦滿,多人亦滿,無論多少人,還是一樣覺得地獄中,最苦的就是我,和旁邊的人,好像一點都沒有關係,沒錯,以業力因緣不相妨礙,大家不曉得能了解這一念嗎?各人的煩惱壓力等等,心靈的地獄,我辛苦,你不知道,我的煩惱告訴你,你也無法理解,和這個意思一樣,各人做、各人受,所以彼此之間不妨礙,哪怕是在人與人之間,互相親、互相愛,都無法為他分擔,所以這就是,持善法是順全性而起修。
只是看我們如何修行,我們若是修善法,聽法,我們要了解,了解之後我們要受持,我們受持的善法,是從我們內心,發起這種天真本性,這就是我們真正的本性,我們聽聞了法,好的法,我們聽進去,我們還要堅持信受奉行,這就是啟發出我們人人,內心的真如本性,知道這是善,我應該要修,這是善,我應該要持,所以受持善法,完全是順全性而起修,我們的善,完整善良的本性。
我們受持善法,或是造惡業,那就是逆全性而起造,若依照我們善良的本性,去修去持,這是順全性,假使我們不信善惡,不信因果,他就是逆了因果,這種就是逆全性。
其實一體兩面,就如同鏡子,我們如果轉正面,這面鏡子能照清山河大地,明明朗朗,非常精細正確;假設這鏡子反過來,那就暗了,你就無法看到前面的境界,這叫做逆;我們原來本性的良能,是如此光明清朗,這個逆就是反面過來,就是那麼無明,所以我們照不到境界,我們造了很多的惡,這是逆全性而起造。
所以說來,善惡這兩者,只是在一個順一個逆,同樣在那個性,不過,順我們的本性清淨,那就是善,逆了我們的本性,那就是惡,所以我們要知道順逆不同,順就是造善,逆就是造惡,但是,同樣唯是一念心造的,這念心,在凡夫叫做心識,在聖人叫做性,純真的本性,你逆了純真的本性,變成的就是心識。
所以這同樣是在一念心,這念心回歸本性,那就是善,這念心離開了本性,反逆過來就變成惡,所以善惡,還是回歸在八識田中。
除非我們能超凡入聖,我們就是完全清淨的本性了,所以希望大家能多下一些功夫,去體會順逆的性;順者即是持善,逆者就是造惡,善者當然是上天堂;但是能超越善,無煩惱無執著,那時就是回歸我們,人人與佛同等的本性,這叫做超凡,所以大家要用心。
善惡無記
以業力因緣故不相妨礙
持善法是順全性而起修
造惡業是逆全性而起造
雖知順逆雖殊唯是心造

這幾天來一直都繞在地獄中,地獄,大家看不到,要從哪裡去體會呢?有的,人間有很多我們體會得到的,蓮池大師《放生文》中,戒殺很多,他說了很多故事,都是舉那個時代,所發生的事來證明。
在山東,有這樣的鄉村,有一位專門在殺豬殺牛,這種行業的人,他有一天去買了一頭牛,牽著要回去的路上,這頭牛知道這位屠夫把我買來,我的生命就差不多在這個時候。
貪生怕死是所有的生命都一樣,螞蟻,你動牠一下,牠也會趕快跑走,所以所有的物命都是貪生怕死,很怕,怕我被屠夫牽在手裡,我的生命就將近結束了,所以牠被他牽著,牛就不肯走,屠夫用盡力量一直拉,這頭牛就走偏的路,橫的路,直的不肯走,所以在那裡一直拉一直拉,拉到這個人也已經精疲力倦了,他就用打的。
所以拉拉扯扯,好不容易經過一戶富有人家,這位先生在門口,看到這位屠夫在拉這頭牛,他看得很不忍心,這頭牛看到這位富有人家,看到他真的有善心,趕快腳曲跪下來,好像在求救,抬頭看著這個人,眼淚一直流,這位善心人士,知道這頭牛一定是在求救,所以他就問這位屠夫:「這頭牛價值多少?」
他說:「八千元。」
「好吧,八千元我向你買好嗎?」
他想起來很生氣,雖然八千元賣出去,他賺很多錢,不過,他覺得很氣,這頭牛讓我費了那麼多力氣,這頭牛實在是很蠻橫,很頑固,很倔強,所以他覺得我不想賣牠。
但是這位善心人士就說:「不然我再加價給你。」
再加價上去,他還是說:「我不賣。」
還是要把這頭牛一直拉走,但是善心的人再加價;他說:「你不必再加價,即使再加萬貫錢給我,我就是不賣,因為這頭牛很可惡,讓我用了很多力量,我已經拉得很累,我絕對要親手殺牠,親手煮牠。」
這頭牛一聽,知道求也沒指望了,所以這頭牛牠知道,我死定了,所以很恨、很氣,你不只是為的賺錢要殺我,你是用這麼惡毒的心要殺我,所以牠忽然間站起來,乖乖隨著屠夫向前走,牽回到家裡,屠夫趕快燒水,用很大口的鍋子燒起滾水,他在晚上天黑了,就開始殺牛。
他把牛的肉剁一剁,丟下去大鍋中,火燒得很旺,他自己也很累了,跑去睡了,睡了一覺醒來,天還未亮,心想牛肉應該熟爛了,天還黑著就開始走,走到門口,大鍋的火還在燒,他把鍋蓋掀開,要探頭看,看看,肉熟爛了沒有?忽然整個人都栽進去,滾燙的鍋裡,到了天亮時,他的太太心想,這個人怎麼出去那麼久,都沒進來,經過好幾個鐘頭了,出去一看,已經在大鍋、大灶中,她的先生,這個屠夫已經整個人,一半以上都在鍋裡,身體和牛肉一樣都爛熟了。
這個故事我們應該能作為警愓,現生有沒有報?這就是現生之報,所以我們看了之後,我們應該很了解,自我警愓,反省自己、警愓自己,所以我們要慚愧懺悔,我們要知道小罪累積,就變成大罪,輕業累積變重罪,所以我們應該時時,哪怕一點點的惡,我們都不能做,或是開口動舌,我們要很注意,這是要順我們的本性,我們的本性是佛性、是善,不要逆本性,身口意去造作惡業,所以我們昨天說過,我們要「稽顙慚愧懺悔」,現在再說:
次復懺悔
刀山劍樹地獄
身首脫落罪報
懺悔鑊湯爐炭地獄
燒煮罪報
懺悔鐵床銅柱地獄
焦然罪報

這些是不是很簡單的文字?我們都知道這種刀山,在前一段的文字過去也說過了,有七重的鐵網,有七重的刀林,這真的是「刀山劍樹」;刀是向上插的,一重又一重,這真的就是刀山劍樹的地獄,造了罪,受此業,你想要從旁邊逃出去,重重的鐵牆,想要從上面逃也是重重的鐵網,想要從下面,都是刀山劍樹,若是罪報罪業造成,這種報,就算哪一個地方都逃不出去,就是唯有在這個地方受苦受刑。
若是在刀山劍樹地獄中,「身首」,身體和頭常常都會「脫落」,不是死一次,脫落之後又回復,再次來,這是重重疊疊,這種身首分離,再復合、再分離、再復合,這種罪報。
再者,除了「刀山劍樹地獄」之外,還有我們還要「懺悔鑊湯爐炭地獄」,「燒煮罪報」,這種鑊湯爐炭地獄,在燒煮罪報,這個不只是煮一次而已,煮爛再回復,回復再下去煮,那種重重次次,受到身體痛苦以外,心靈的驚惶恐懼,那實在是無法計算的反覆,不斷受報。
還要「懺悔鐵床銅柱地獄」,鐵床就是完全是鐵的,人躺在燒得火紅的鐵上,這種地獄,你們想,這多麼辛苦,就像活生生的魚,讓人放到鍋裡煎,比那個更痛苦,這種鐵床,在《地藏經》裡就說,一人亦滿、多人亦滿,那就是表示,那種痛苦已經充滿了地獄,不論你地獄多大,他的痛苦就有多大。
所以一人亦滿、多人亦滿,這種鐵床地獄,還有不只是躺著,這種銅鐵燒紅了,讓他去抱柱子,抱著這種燒紅鐵柱的這種地獄,想想看,一抱下去就黏住了,整個皮肉全都焦爛掉了,這種地獄是不是很苦呢?我們若要知道,人間有這麼多,地獄歷歷,很簡單我們看到的,知道很明顯的,我們應該歷歷明明,都是在地獄中。
其實不必到地獄去,人間也很多,到底是怎麼來的呢?就只是在順性,我們就能修善,免去地獄的苦難,我們能接近佛法,接近賢聖,這是順全性而起修,假使造惡業,就逆全性而起造,這雖然善惡不同,地獄天堂懸殊,其實只是一念心,唯是心造。
所以,各位學佛,真的是要好好時時警愓,相信因果就少造惡業;請大家時時多用心。
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靜思晨語--20130213《法譬如水》超凡入聖歸本性  Empty
發表主題: 回復: 靜思晨語--20130213《法譬如水》超凡入聖歸本性    靜思晨語--20130213《法譬如水》超凡入聖歸本性  Empty周四 4月 04, 2013 12:52 pm

Lecturer: Master Cheng-Yan
Subject: Transcend the Mundane, Return to Intrinsic Nature(超凡入聖歸本性)
Always be mindful when learning Buddhism. A small deviation in thinking can truly lead us thousands of miles off-course. Although we all say, “Everyone is born with a good nature,” we ordinary beings constantly transmigrate through the Six Realms and become defiled. Then we become good, evil or neutral. Whether we do good or evil depends on a momentary though. Whatever good or evil we do, we each face the consequences of our actions. An earlier part of the repentances text said our retributions do not interfere with others’. One person fills Hell, as will many. No matter how many people there are in Hell, we feel we
are suffering the most. We have nothing to do with those around us. That is correct. Karmic causes and conditions do not interfere with those of others. Can everyone understand this concept? Our own afflictions, pressures, etc., create our own mental hell. “You do not know how exhausted I am! Even if I tell you my afflictions, you cannot understand.” That is similar to “we each reap what we sow”. We do not interfere with each other. Even those who are close to and love each other cannot shoulder each other’s burdens. So, practicing goodness is to practice by following our true nature. We can only work on our spiritual practice. If we practice goodness, after we hear Dharma, we want to understand it. Then we will accept and uphold it. The good practices we accept come from the innocent, intrinsic nature in our hearts. This is our true nature. After we listen to Dharma, let us accept these good practices. Let us be firm in our faith and our practice. From our Tathagata Nature deep in our hearts we know, “This is wholesome, this is what I need to practice. This is good, I need to uphold this.” So, if we accept and uphold good practices, we are practicing by following our true nature, our completely good and kind nature. If we create bad karma, we do so against our true nature. If we rely on our kind intrinsic nature to guide our spiritual practice, we are following our nature. If we do not believe in good and evil, or in karmic cause and effect, we will act contrary to these principles. Thus we go against our nature. There are two sides to everything, like a mirror. If we use the front of the mirror, it clearly and accurately reflects the mountains, rivers, and landscapes. If we turn the mirror around, it will be dark. We cannot see the world in front of us.
That is “going against”. Our intrinsic nature is so bright and clear.If we go against it, we use the other side which is ignorance.So, we cannot reflect our conditions and create a lot of evil because we go against our true nature.As for good and evil, one is in accordance, one goes against.They are both related to our nature.
However, if we follow our pure nature, we do good.If we go against our nature, we do evil.
We need to know the difference between the two.If we follow, we create goodness.If we go against, we create evil.
But both are created by the mind, by our thoughts.For ordinary beings, this is called Mind-consciousness.For saints, it is their nature, their pure, intrinsic nature.If we go against our pure nature, it becomes Mind-consciousness.
So this is all about our minds.If our thoughts return to our true nature, they become good.
If our thoughts leave our true nature and go against it, they become evil.So good and evil return to our Eighth Consciousness, unless we transcend the ordinary and become a saint.
We all have a completely pure nature, so I hope everyone can work hard to comprehend following or going against our nature.
Those who follow, uphold goodness.Those who go against, create evil.Of course, those who do good, go to Heaven.But if we can transcend goodness, are free of afflictions and attachments, then we will return to our intrinsic nature, which is equal to the Buddha’s.This is called transcending the ordinary.So everyone, please be mindful.

Whether good, evil or neutral, karmic forces, causes, and conditions do not interfere with each other.Upholding good Dharma is practicing by following our true nature.Creating evil is going against our nature.The two are different, but both are created by the mind.

The talks these few days have centered around Hell.People cannot see Hell, so how do we begin to understand it?We can experience many things in this world.In Master Lian-Chi’s Essay on Liberating Life, he tells many stories from that era as proof that we must refrain from killing.
In Shandong, there was a village with a man whose profession was to kill pigs and cows.
One day he bought a cow and led her along the road home.The cow knew, “I have been bought by a butcher. My life is more or less over.”Like all living beings, she was afraid of death when you touch an ant, it will run away.So, all living beings seek life and fear death.
The cow was afraid “I am afraid that as I’m being led by a butcher, my life is quickly coming to an end.”
So, the cow refused to move.The butcher used all his might to drag her.The cow moved left and right, but refused to walk forward.So, the man pulled and pulled until he exhausted all his strength.Then, he beat her.After tugging and pulling for a while, they finally passed the doorway of a rich family.
A man stood at the door and saw the butcher pulling this cow.He could not bear it.The cow saw this rich man, and felt he was truly compassionate.He could not bear it. The cow saw this rich man, and felt he was truly compassionate. So the cow knelt, as if seeking help. She raised her head and shed tears. This kind person knew the cow was asking for help. So he asked the butcher, “How much is this cow worth?”
He said, “$8000” “Fine, can I buy it from you for $8000?” When the butcher thought about it, he grew angry. Although if he sold the cow for $8000 he stood make a lot of money, he was really mad. “This cow wasted so much of my strength.This cow is so unreasonable, so stubborn and unyielding”. So, he did not want to sell her. But this kind man said, “Then I will pay you more”. But the butcher still said, “I won’t sell”. He still wanted to drag this cow home.
The kind man tried to pay him even more. He said, “Do not try to pay more.Even if you pay an additional $10,000, I still will not sell. This cow is detestable.It forced me to waste so much energy.I dragged it until I am exhausted.I am going to kill and cook it myself.”
Once the cow heard this, she knew she had no hope. She knew, “I will die for sure”. So, she was hateful and angry. “You are not killing me just for the money.You are killing me with an evil, poisonous heart”. So, it suddenly stood up and obediently followed the butcher.
Once they arrived home, the butcher boiled water. He used a giant pot to heat and boil water. At night when it got dark, he began his butchering. He cut off pieces of flesh and threw into the pot. The fire blazed brightly. He was very tired, so he went to bed.
When he woke up, it was not yet daybreak. He though the beef should be well-cooked. He started walking while it was still dark. He walked to the doorway and saw the fire blazing.
He lifted the lid and looked in, to see the meat was cooked, and fell completely into the boiling hot pot .At dawn, his wife wondered, “Why has he been gone for so long?” After many hours, she went out and saw the big pot.More than half her husband’s body was in the pot. His body was as well-cooked as the beef. Let us teat this story as a warning. Will we face retribution in this life? This is an example of present-life retribution. After we see this, we should understand.
We should be aware, self-reflective and vigilant. Then we will have a sense of remorse and repent. Know that small transgressions accumulate and become greater transgressions. Small karma accumulates and become tremendous.So, we can never commit even the slightest act of evil. We must be very careful even when we open our mouths to speak. This is following our intrinsic nature.Our intrinsic nature is the Buddha – nature.
Do not go against your intrinsic nature and create negative karma with body ,speech and mind. As we said earlier,Let us “deeply prostrate and repent in remorse”.Now we talk about,
“Next we also repent ,”

which means we must repeatedly repent, “the Mountains and Forests of Knives Hell ,where our heads are cut off as retribution.” We also , “repent the Hell of . Molten lron Cauldrons and Charcoal Stoves,where we are cooked as retribution.” Also , we “repent the Hell of the lron Bed and Bronze Columns ,where we are burnt as retribution.”

Aren’t these words very simple ?We all know about these mountains of knives. An earlier passage already mentioned seven layers of iron nets,seven layers of forests of knives.
This is truly “Mountains and Forests of Knives”.The knives are pointed upwards. There are layers and layers of them . “In the Mountains and Forests of Knives Hell”.
If we committed wrongdoings ,we face this karma.If we want to escape through the side ,
there are many iron walls. If we want to escape from above,there are layers of iron nets.
If we want to escape from below,there are mountains and forests of knives.If we created these transgressions and karma and receive this retribution,we cannot escape in any direction.
We can only endure the pain and torture.In the mountains and Forests of Knives Hell,
our heads will be repeatedly separated from our bodies. We do not just die once.After the head falls ,it reattaches. Then it falls again ,This happens repeatedly.So ,the head separates from the body,then reattaches , then separates , then reattaches.This is the retribution.
Besides the mountains and Forests of Knives Hell,we must also repent “the Hell of Molten lron Cauldrons and Charcoal Stoves where we are cooked as retribution”.
The retribution of being cooked in the Hell of Molten lron Cauldrons and Charcoal Stoves
does not happen only once.We will be cooked, then revived , then cooked again.That repetition,besides inflicting physical pain ,creates mental anxiety and fright. This repeats a countless number of times. It is constant retribution.
Then we “repent the Hell of the lron Bed and Bronze Columns”.People lay on the iron bed heated to a fiery red.Think about how painful that hell must be. It is like a live fish,dropped into a pan to be fried.This hell is more painful.In the Earth Treasury Sutra says that this bed is full ,whether there is one person in it or many.This means that this kind of suffering pervades the entire Hell Realm. The larger the Hell ,the more intense the pain. Thus one person can fill it ,and so can many.
People do not just lie down in the Hell of the lron Bed.People are also forced to wrap themselves around bronze pillars that are heated to a burning red.Think about it Once they hug it they are stuck.Their flesh will be burnt to crisp,Isn’t this Hell full of suffering?If we look , we can see that there are many Hells in this world.
They are easy to see ,they are obvious.We can distinctly and clearly see these Hells.
We do not need to go to the Hell Realm,we can experience them in this world.
Where do they come from ?If we only follow our nature,we can practice goodness and
avoid the suffering in Hell. We can draw near to the Buddha –Dharma and be like sages and saints ,if we practice by following our nature.
If we create bad karma ,we are going against our nature. Although good and evil are different,and Hell and Heaven are far from each other,they are determined by a thought;
they are only created by our minds.
So everyone ,when we learn Buddhism ,we must truly always be vigilant.If we believe in cause and effect,we create less bad karma.
Everyone ,please always be mindful.
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靜思晨語--20130213《法譬如水》超凡入聖歸本性
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