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 靜思晨語--20130220《法譬如水》消弭惡業的良方

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發表主題: 靜思晨語--20130220《法譬如水》消弭惡業的良方   靜思晨語--20130220《法譬如水》消弭惡業的良方 Empty周三 2月 20, 2013 6:57 pm


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發表主題: 回復: 靜思晨語--20130220《法譬如水》消弭惡業的良方   靜思晨語--20130220《法譬如水》消弭惡業的良方 Empty周日 2月 24, 2013 4:09 pm

【證嚴上人開示】
人生累世以來誰能無過?多數都是造惡因而不知;我們過去不知多久之前,我們沒有一個無過錯的人,我們若是無過錯,就不必在六道中了,我們若是沒有過錯,我們就不必在人間,受精神上、心靈上,無明污染煩惱痛苦,這都是在過去生中,我們所結的緣,所造作的業,只是我們現在不知道。
看看之前我們所說過的,我們所聽過的地獄的苦難,人間我們能體會到很多的苦,真的是苦不堪,唯有一樣,要懺悔,我們在人間,什麼人有錯誤,若及時知道了,趕緊向前懺悔,我們若能發露,我們能懺悔,這也是勇敢的人;所以我們若能如此,就是洗滌罪過,內心的煩惱全都沒了,這是消弭惡業的良方。
人生累世以來誰無過
皆是多造惡因而不知
勇於懺悔
即是洗滌罪過
消弭惡業的良方

過去在南部,有一群慈誠隊,我若來到南部,就會聽到誰和誰怎麼樣,不過,再聽詳細,理由大家都對,只是不肯相讓,所以有時就會聽到,那個人過去如何如何,所以人與人之間不互相原諒,就會說過去那個人是如何如何,互相批評。
後來我就說,來,我們大家要勇於認錯,你過去是不是曾經,這樣這樣的人生,這樣這樣的習氣,有沒有?其中有一位居士他就對我說:「師父,我過去尚未進入慈濟時,的確我是這樣這樣的壞人,不過,我已經改了,怎麼還要拿我的過去出來說?」
我說:「你要讓別人說,不如你自己來說。」
「真不好意思,我要怎麼說?」
「漏氣吧,漏氣求進步。」我鼓勵他:「來,你在大家的面前,把你過去的事全說給大家聽,就不會再有人一直傳你的話了。」
「不過,這是很漏氣的事。」
「是啊,要漏氣,漏氣求進步。」
「這樣就會進步嗎?好吧!」就在大庭廣眾的面前,開始向大家說懺悔:「我最近曾對什麼人怎麼不好,怎麼不好,我實在是出於一念愛心,師父也說這樣我沒有錯,只是說我比較剛強,比較倔強,我現在要向大家說,我不只是得罪了某個人,其實在座你們大家,都被我得罪過,請你們原諒我。」
「若說起我的過去,師父叫我要漏氣求進步,讓大家在背後傳我的話,我不如全清出來讓大家知道。」開始就說他過去年輕時,從幼年時就如何惡劣,年輕時是如何風光,結婚後他如何花天酒地,如何對待妻兒等等,在做生意當中一時的糊塗,反正很多事,他就是花了一段不短的時間,向大家說。
說了之後我就說:「大家都聽到了,這種過錯,誰能說這其中你們都沒有犯過?若是都沒犯過的,請你們舉手。」沒有一個人舉手。
「他說的當中,是不是你們曾犯過呢?」「有。」
好,有的人從今以後,大家都要漏氣求進步,大家能在大庭廣眾,過去的事你要說出來,這樣就不會背後被人說,那個人,某某人如何,人家如果說你如何,聽過的人就會說,我知道了,他都已經說過了,過去錯了,他現在全改了,會替你對大家說,你全都改了,這樣就是勇敢,所以要漏氣求進步,這句話很好用。
從此開始,你看,我們常常聽到,慈濟很多大藏經,人生過去的錯誤,現在改革人生,將他過去的都完全改過來,所以我們若是要再犯過時,有人就會對我們說,我們要注意,我們不要再犯這樣的錯,是的,我應該要注意,我要成長慧命,感恩啊,替我在照顧我的慧命。
所以這都是我們的善知識,我們若能時時警愓自己,不要造惡因而不知,就要在這個清淨的大團體中,我們彼此做自己心田的農夫,同時我們也能照顧別人的心田。
所以道場好修行,所以我們大家要時時自我警惕,我們之前已經說到一切罪業,我們已經要洗心懇禱,叩頭要稽顙,已經向十方佛,大地菩薩,求哀懺悔了。
所以現在一切罪報,畢竟消滅,接下來這段懺文又這麼說:
願承是懺悔地獄等報
所生功德
即時破壞阿鼻鐵城
悉為淨土
無惡道名

意思就是地獄的苦報,我們全都報了,我們也已經懺悔了,我們的內心就會生起功德,什麼叫做功德?常常對大家說,內能自謙、外能禮讓,我們的內心必定要信實誠正,做人要謙虛,我們要縮小自己,人會在外面犯錯,都是太自大、太我慢,貪瞋癡慢疑這五樣,都是我們的心病,都是我們的無明,這都從我們的內心所起造。
所以我們受到很多,了解了地獄的罪報之後,我們全都懺悔,懺悔之後,內心貪瞋癡慢疑,這些起造惡因的心態,我們全都要去除,所以內能自修即是功,自修就是要把自己這個「我」,要完全去除,所以謙虛;外面對人要禮讓,從現在開始,我們要和人人結好緣,對人人發揮大愛的精神,所以造福因、得福緣,這就是功德。
過去是愛欲交錯,我們現在已經將私我、小愛的貪欲全去除,所留下來的是,我們本性清淨無私的大愛,所以這就是功德,我們造福因、得福緣,我們付出大愛。
所以因為如此,「即時破壞阿鼻鐵城」,「悉為淨土」,我們心靈的地獄,因為有這分功德,我們該懺悔的也懺悔了,我們該發心的我們也開始發心了,發心了自然會破壞阿鼻城,悉為淨土,就是轉地獄為淨土,所以沒有惡道之名,這就是看我們的心境,我們的心境一轉,地獄就會變成淨土,這就是懺悔的力量。
我們若能懺悔,我們就是很安然自在,不必再害怕,我有什麼樣的錯誤,我會被人知道,我很懊惱等等,這些全都沒了,很坦然自在,那種黑暗的心地打開了,變成陽光已經能照耀進來了,所以這應該是唯心的本具,我們的心是要苦或要樂,是要造福或是造惡呢?都是在我們的一念間而已,要轉變並不困難,再來又說:
其餘地獄
一切苦具 轉為樂緣
刀山劍樹 變成寶林
鑊湯爐炭 蓮花化生
牛頭獄卒 除捨暴虐
皆起慈悲 無有惡念

這也是很淺顯,心一轉,一切境界都轉了,一切所有的地獄,「其餘」就是所有的地獄,「一切苦具」,所有受苦的刑具,全都「轉為樂緣」,好比刀山劍樹,就會變成好像寶林。我們若是讀《彌陀經》,那個環境是多麼美,有八功德水、有功德林等等,八功德水,讓我們陶冶我們的身心,很歡喜;地獄是鑊湯爐炭,在地獄這種鑊湯爐炭,只要我們的惡心轉為愛,那個地方也會變成功德水,那些刀山劍樹,也會變成功德林。
總而言之,一切都是在我們的心境,若是轉,鑊湯爐炭,也是蓮花化生了,總而言之一念心,「牛頭獄卒」,「除捨暴虐」,「皆起慈悲」,牛頭夜叉獄卒本來很兇惡,只要我們的心境一轉,即使很兇惡,他也能轉變為慈悲,「無有惡念」。
所以說來,是別人兇惡還是我們兇惡?我們兇惡在前,別人兇惡在後,所以我們要好好自己反省自己,所以不要說他怎麼那麼壞,我們要想成,我們壞在前,所以背後被人壞,本來就是惡因惡報,我們若能修自己的心,對別人好,那就結好緣了,再壞的人看到好人,他也會轉變,再來:
地獄眾生
得離苦果
更不造因
等受安樂

不只是我們一個人改變,我們的環境都改變,我們的環境改變,也能讓別人的環境改變,這在我們慈濟的大藏經裡,裡面你們自己進去看看,有的人的家庭,每天都像炸彈,什麼時候要爆炸不知道,只要一個人改變,毒戒掉了,酒戒掉了,賭戒掉了,等等不好的習氣戒掉了,這個家庭那種不定時的炸彈,消除了,家裡變得祥和,所以說一個人若改,周圍的環境就全改了。
所以「地獄眾生得離苦果」,地獄,也是自己的心造,天堂也是自己的心造,周圍的夜叉,也是我們自己的心造,周圍的菩薩,也是我們的心造,所以只要我們本身,好好改變過來,想想看,我們能改變多少人的幸福,這就是我們人生在天堂,人生淨土,再來:
如第三禪
一時俱發 無上道心
懺悔已
至心信禮 常住三寶

在這裡就是要告訴們,心境清淨,就像入第三禪中,這「第三禪」就是,在四禪天中的第三禪天,這其中有三個天,就是「少淨天」,「無量淨天」,「遍淨天」。
四禪天:
色界諸天分為四禪
即初禪天 第二禪天
第三禪天 第四禪天
第三禪天:
少淨天 無量淨天 遍淨天

這個「淨」就是完全無污濁,我們真的要脫離地獄,要從我們的心開始去除污濁,心清淨,自然是少淨天,無量淨天,遍淨天,開始的時候一段一段消除,消除我們的無明,慢慢從少淨而變無量淨,從無量淨一直到遍淨。
我們不是有,靜寂清澄、志玄虛漠嗎?這就是我們的境界,我們的境界就是在這個,禪寂的境界,心中無煩惱、無惡念,這就是我們的心境,我們要修的心境,所以我們大懺悔之後,就要有大願力,這些力量能破除,從苦轉為樂。
看看,我們慈濟人,替別人做事,付出無所求,汗流浹背,不是辛苦,是幸福,我們還有體力,我們還有這麼多菩薩的夥伴,我們要去幫忙人,這真的不是辛苦,是福,所以轉苦為樂,轉苦為福。
所以一切都是在我們的心境,所以請大家,我們學佛就是要轉心境,轉惡為善,我們要好好保護我們這念心,心境轉,自然惡的境也會轉,地獄就變成淨土,人人要記得、要相信。
在說這段地獄的懺文之前,是不是和大家談過,我們要信因果,對啊,多生累劫的因緣,我們到底怎麼做呢?所以我們人生,累世以來誰能無過,不要說我都沒過失,不要這麼說,有的,要不然我們這一生,怎麼會說我都不如意,我怎麼會和這個人在一起,怎麼會有這麼多不歡喜的事,是過去累積下來的因,我們造惡因而不知,所以我們現在要勇於懺悔,懺悔就是洗滌我們的罪過,消弭惡業的良方,所以這個方法大家要相信,要多用心。
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靜思晨語--20130220《法譬如水》消弭惡業的良方 Empty
發表主題: 回復: 靜思晨語--20130220《法譬如水》消弭惡業的良方   靜思晨語--20130220《法譬如水》消弭惡業的良方 Empty周日 4月 14, 2013 8:28 pm

Lecturer: Master Cheng-Yan
Subject: The Best Way to Eliminate Negative Karma(消弭惡業的良方)
After living through so many lifetimes, who has never made mistakes? Most People commit evil without realizing it. For who knows how long, there has been no person who is without fault. If we made no mistakes, we would not be in the Six Destinies. If we made no mistakes, our minds and spirits would not face ignorance, defilement, affliction, and pain in this world. These are the results of the affinities and karma we created in our past lives, we just do not know it right now. Look at what we have said, what we have heard about the suffering in Hell. In this world we experience a lot of pain. This truly seems unbearably painful. There is only one thing to do, repent. In this world, if we make a mistake and catch it in time, we step forth and repent. If we can openly admit it, if we can repent, we are very brave. If we can do this, we wash away our wrongdoings. Then our afflictions will disappear. This is the best method to eliminate bad karma.

After living through so many lifetimes, who has never made mistakes? Many people commit evil without realizing it. Bravely repent to wash away your wrongdoings. This is the best method to eliminate bad karma.

In the past, in the south, there was a group of Faith Corps members. Whenever I visited, they would complain about who did what to whom. But when I listened more closely, they all had logic on their side, they just refused to accommodate each other. So I would hear, “That person did this and that.” They did not forgive each other so they would point out each others’ old faults and criticize one another. Then I said, “Come. We all need to bravely admit our faults. Didn’t you lead this kind of life in the past? Didn’t you have these habitual tendencies?” One of the lay practitioners told me, “Master, before I joined Tzu Chi I was truly a bad person who did this and that. But I’ve changed. Why do you need to talk about my past?” I said, “Why don’t you talk about it instead of letting other people do so?” “It’s embarrassing. What should I say?” “Reveal your mistakes, so you can make progress.” I encouraged him, “Come, stand in front of everyone. Tell them the stories of your past. Then no one will spread rumors about you.” “But these are embarrassing things.” “Yes, reveal your mistakes so you can improve.” “If I can make progress this way, then fine.” So in front of everyone, he began repenting. “I recently mistreated this person in this way. I actually did it out of love. As Master said, I wasn’t wrong, I was just more blunt, more stubborn. Right now I want to tell everyone. I didn’t just wrong this person. I have wronged all of you. Please forgive me.In talking about my past, Master told me to admit my mistakes and improve. Rather than have people talking behind my back, why don’t I lay it out for everyone to know.”
So he began to talk about his youth, how bad he was as a child, how successful he was at a young age, how he drank and partied after he got married, how he treated his wife and children, how he made a mistake in his business, and so on.
He took a while telling this to everyone.After he was done I said, “You have all heard this. Can any of you say you have not made any of these mistakes?”“If you have never, raise your hand.”No one raised their hand.“As he spoke, did you recognize your faults?”“Yes.”“Good. If you did, good.”“If you did, then starting today.”“You must share your mistakes to make progress.”“You can all talk about your past in front of everyone.”“Then people cannot talk about you behind your back.”“If anyone says anything about you then listener would say, “I know.”“He already talked about this.”“He made mistakes, but now he has changed.”“This person will tell others that you have changed.”“So be courageous, admit your mistakes to make progress.”This phrase is very useful.
Starting with this, we have accumulated many stories in the Tzu Chi almanac.People who made mistakes have now changed their lives.They corrected all their mistakes.
So if we are about to make another mistake, someone will remind us, “Be careful.”“Let us not make the same mistake again.”“Yes, I need to pay attention.”“I need to nurture my Wisdom-life.”“Thank you for helping care for my Wisdom-life.”These are our spiritual friends.
To always keep ourselves alert and avoid doing evil without realizing it, those of us in this big pure group need to be farmers who tend our mind-fields, while also helping to care for those of others.A spiritual training ground helps us practice.So we need to always be vigilant.
As I said earlier regarding negative karma, we need to cleanse our minds and sincerely bow our heads and prostrate to the Buddhas of the Ten Directions, and Bodhisattvas of the land.
Sincerely repent so all karmic retribution can be completely eliminated.
The next part of the repentance text states,

“We vow to repent all retributions of Hell.”
“The merits and virtues that arise can instantly destroy the iron walls of Avici Hell.”
“It becomes a Pure Land, where no evil exist
s.”

This means we have faced all of the painful retributions of Hell.We have also repented, so merits and virtues will arise in our minds.What are merits and virtues?As I often say, “We must humble ourselves, be courteous to others.”Have faith, steadfastness, sincerity, integrity, and be humble.We have to humble ourselves.People make mistakes when they are too proud or arrogant.Greed, anger, ignorance, arrogance, and doubt are all mental ailments.
They all blind us.These are all created by our minds.
So after we face and understand the retributions of Hell, we repent them all.Thus we eliminate greed, anger, ignorance, arrogance, and doubt, all the mindsets that sow the seeds of evil.So, self-cultivation is a merit.We do so to completely eliminate the “self”.Then we are humble.We also need to be courteous to others.Stating now, we need to create good affinities with everyone, to display the spirit of Great Love.We sow blessed seeds to attain blessed affinities.These are merits and virtures.
In the past, love and desire intermixed. Now we have completely eliminated selfish love and desires. What is left in our intrinsic pure nature, unselfish Great Love. So, these are merits and virtuesWe sow blessed seeds to attain blessed affinities We express this Great Love. Because of this, we instantly destroy the iron walls of Avici Hell, so it becomes a Pure Land. As for our mental hells, one we have merits and virtues, once we have repented what we need to repent, made the aspirations we need to make, we will destroy the Avici Hell, and turn all these hells into a Pure Land where no evil exists
This depends on our mindset. If we transform it a bit, Hell will turn into a Pure Land. This is the power of repentance. If we can repent, we will be peaceful and free. We will not be afraid that people will find out about our mistakes.We will not be annoyed, etc. This will all be eliminated. We will be calm and at a peace. We open our darkened minds so the sunlight can shine in .This sunlight is inherent to our minds. Will our minds create suffering or joy, blessings or evil?This happens in the space of a thought.
It is not difficult to change. Next the text says,

“As for the remaining Hells, all torture devices turn into joyous conditions.Mountains and forests of knives turn into groves of treasures.Hot cauldrons and stoves turn into lotus flowers Ox-headed jailers abandon their brutal ways, adopt compassion and have no evil thoughts. ”

This is all very obvious. When we change our minds, all conditions change.The “remaining Hells” refer to all Hells. “All torture devices”, everything that causes pain, will “turn into joyous conditions”. Mountains and Forests of Knives will turn into groves of treasures. If we read the Amitahba Sutra, we read about beautiful environments, like Water and Forests of Merits Virtues, etc.
The Eight Waters of Merits and Virtues make our bodies and minds joyful. Hell is full of hot cauldrons and stoves. If the evil in our minds turn into love, the Hell filled with cauldrons and stoves will be filled with Waters of Merits and Virtues.Mountains and Forests of Knives will turn into the Forest of Merits and Virtues.
Therefore, everything hinges on our mindset. If we can change it, cauldrons and stoves can also be transformed into lotus flowers. In summary, a thought can cause “ox-headed jailers to abandon their brutal ways, and adopt compassion.”
The ox-headed Yaksa jailors are very vicious.But if we turn our minds around, even the vicious can become compassionate and have no evil thoughts. Come to speak of it, are they vicious or are we? Our viciousness came first, their viciousness followed suit .So, we must truly self-reflect.
Do not talk about how vicious they are. Think of it as, “We were cruel first, so then others are cruel to us”.If we saw evil seeds we reap evil retributions. If we can cultivate our minds and
treat others well , we will create food affinities. No matter how badly someone, hehaves ,they can change when they meet good people.
Next ,

“Sentient beings in Hell can escape painful karmic effects, stop creating bad causes and receive peace and joy.”

Not only do we change ,our environment changes too.Once our our environment changes,
others in that our environment also changes.Look at the causes in the Tcu Chi Almanac.
In some families , it seems like there is a bomb that can explode at any moment. But if one person changes,if they quit talking drugs,or quit drinking,or quit gambling,or get rid of other bad habits,that ticking time bomb will disappear.The household wil become peaceful.
So if one person changes.The entire environment around him changes.“Sentient beings in Hell can escape painful karmic effects.”Hell is created by our minds. Heaven is also created by our minds. The Yaksas surrounding us are also created by our minds. The Bodhisattvas around us are also created by our minds.
So ,if we can really change ourselves ,think about all the blessings we can bring.This can be our Heaven on Earth , our Pure Land.
Next ,

“We attain the Third Dhyana.”
“Instantly our superme resolve to practice arises.”
“After we repent,we have sincere faith in and respect for the Three Treasures
.”

This part is telling us that having a pure mind is like entering the Third Dhyana.This is the third of the Four Dhyana Heavens.In this state there are three Heavens,“the Heaven of Lesser Purity,”“the Heaven of Inginite Purity,”“and the Heaven of Universal Purity”

The Four Dhyana Heavens:
The Heavens in the Form Realm are split into four.The First Dhyana Heaven, Second Dhyana Heaven,Third Dhyana Heaven,Fourth Dhyana Heaven,
Third Dhyana Heaven, The Heavens of Lesser Purity.Of Infinite Purity, and of Universal Puri
ty.

This Purity is completely undefiled.To truly be free from Hell , we have to start be eliminating the turbidity in our minds. When our minds our pure , naturally ,we reach the Heaven of Lesser Purity,the Heaven of Infinite Purity,and the Heaven of Universal Purity.We start by eliminating little bits of ignorance.We slowly go from lesser to Infinite purity.Then from Infinite to universal purity.
Aren’t our minds pure and tranquil , with vows as vast as the void?This is our mindset.We are in this meditative state,our minds free of afflictions or evil thoughts.This is our mindset.This is the mindset we need to cultivate.
So after great repentance,we need the power of great vows.These powers can turn suffering into joy.Look at Tzu Chi volunteers. They help others , give unconditionally. Sweat soaking their backs. It is not taxing ,but rather a blessing.We still have strength,are accompanied by so many of fellow Bodhisattvas,so helping others ,is not hard work but a blessings.
So we turn hard work into joy, into blessings.Everything is a matter of our mindset
So everyone.We learn Buddhism to transform our mindset ,turn evil into goodness let us work hard to protect our minds. Once our mindset change ,evil conditions will change too.Hell will become a Pure Land.We all must remember this and believe it.
Before these passages in the repentance text about Hell , didn’t we talk about believing in cause and effect?Yes.What do we do about the causes and conditions we accumulated over many lifetimes ?After living through so many lifetimes ,who has never made mistakes?
Do not say ,”I have never made mistakes”.Do not say that we all have. Otherwise in this life,
why could we often say “I’m not satisfied.”“Why am I around this person ?”“Why do so many things make me unhappy ?”They come from causes we have accumulated.We created evil without knowing.
So now ,we must be brave and repent.Repentance washes away our mistakes and is
the best method to eliminate bad karma. Everyone please believe in this method and
please always be mindful.
(Source: Da Ai TV 靜思晨語 法譬如水)
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