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 靜思晨語--20130304《法譬如水》智愚善惡一念間

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發表主題: 靜思晨語--20130304《法譬如水》智愚善惡一念間   靜思晨語--20130304《法譬如水》智愚善惡一念間 Empty周二 3月 05, 2013 10:01 am


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發表主題: 回復: 靜思晨語--20130304《法譬如水》智愚善惡一念間   靜思晨語--20130304《法譬如水》智愚善惡一念間 Empty周二 3月 05, 2013 12:23 pm

【證嚴上人開示】
愚癡者為惡受三途報
智慧者為善受大福報
智愚善惡只在轉念間
有過者及時反省悔過
即得轉禍為福
各位,我們法譬如水,一路一直說下來,不離開因緣果報,造如是因,得如是果,所以我們一定要信因果,所以愚癡的人就是不肯相信,既然不肯相信,他就為非作歹,就會造很多惡因,這種人就是愚癡的人。
若是智慧者,絕對知道因緣果報,所以為善者得福,這是最正確的道理觀念,智愚善惡只是在一念間而已,我們轉一念能為善,即是天堂,即是淨土,另外轉一個反面,即是地獄三途,所以只是一個觀念一轉,所以我們現在已經知道了,我們若是有過失,過去還不懂的時候,我們曾犯了錯誤,我們要趕緊及時要反省,不只是反省而已,要趕快懺悔過失,去惡從善,這樣就轉禍為福了。
所以我們人人要時時提高警覺,我們之前已經說到,懺悔畜生等等之報,因為畜生都是一念愚癡垢穢,所以愚癡就會磨滅了人道,所以我們若能好好懺悔,就轉愚癡,能得智慧明照,這樣我們就能脫離畜生道,現在在接下來就是餓鬼道:
願以懺悔 餓鬼等報
所生功德 生生世世
永離慳貪飢渴之苦
常餐甘露解脫之味
我們就知道餓鬼道,就是因為慳貪為因,我們過去就是因為慳貪,慳貪就是它所報的,就是要墮入餓鬼道,所以過去所造的宿因,我們現在虔誠懺悔,自然飢渴的苦就能遠離了,所以叫做「故能感常餐甘露之味」,既然飢餓的現象能解除,我們就能所用到的,都是甘露之味,所以我們應該趕快,懺除慳貪的業,所以大家要培養愛心。
我們現在慈濟人,遍佈在國際間,除了救貧、救急、救病以外,濟貧教富,我們還要教育他,如何致富之道,致富之道很簡單,就是打開心門,不要有慳貪,付出你一點點的愛,這種愛心就好像暗室中,只要一支蠟燭,整個暗室就會亮起來,所以人不要有慳貪,慳貪就是關閉心門,我們若有機會把心門,稍微打開一下,一支蠟燭讓它點亮,開啟他愛的心門,這叫做教富。
讓他們知道我們的愛心,不是你要付出多少,只要你的力量一點點開始,種子不是從一顆開始的嗎?無論是一顆果樹,也是從一點點,很小毫芒的種子,就變成一顆果樹,一棵果樹每年季節若到,纍纍纍纍的果實就很多,年年一直產生,一切都是從一顆種子。
所以我們一直在救貧,現在在推動教富,希望這顆愛的種子,富有的種子,我們對任何一塊土地,任何一個人的心地,我們都要撒下愛的種子,但願未來人人心中,有愛的種子,愛的因,那就是致富之因,如此人間就能富足。
所以我們要好好用心推動,再接下來說:
願以懺悔 鬼神修羅等報
所生功德 生生世世
質直無諂 離邪命因
除醜陋果 福利人天
過去我們曾說過鬼神道,鬼神之前我們是說羅剎、鳩槃荼,現在所懺的是修羅等報,修羅就是很愛發脾氣,瞋恨心很重,諂曲矯假這種心態很多,所以他就是修羅之報,現在已經要懺悔了,我們從懺悔修羅之報,我們就能轉生,「所生功德」,「生生世世」,「質直無諂」,我們就要修心,直心是道場,不要懷疑人東、懷疑人西,自己的心起無明,就會時時瞋恨的心常常生起,所以我們一定要「質直無諂」,無諂就是不彎曲,我們要很直,「離邪命因除醜陋果」,我們要正確,心念要正,所以七菩提分、八正道分,這些你們應該都倒背如流了,正道我們必定要受持,才不會墮入邪命邪因。
「除醜陋果」,凡是鬼神的形態,都無法很莊嚴,所以我們若要莊嚴,一定要好好讓心態質直無諂,不要有邪思、邪命、邪行,我們若能如此就「福利人天」,在人間好修行,也能求生天堂去,再來:
願從今以去
乃至道場
決定不受四惡道報
唯除大悲 為眾生故
以誓願力 處之無厭
我們大家都要發願,從今天開始,乃至未來的道場,我們「決定不受四惡道報」,四惡道就是修羅,修羅有天福無天德,這就是鬼神報,還有畜生、餓鬼、地獄,這樣是四惡道報,我們開始修行,直心是道場,康莊的大路我們好好走,絕對不要再走向偏差的道路,所以我們決定不再受四惡道報。
「唯除大悲」,「為眾生故」,除了大悲以外,我們就沒有其他了,大悲就是同體大悲,唯有大悲心起,為眾生「以誓願力 處之無厭」,意思就是他還要去地獄救眾生,還在六道中,唯有大悲,我們不會再去四惡道中,佛陀四生之父,他還不都是一直在娑婆世界中,因為佛陀是大慈悲父,地藏菩薩,地獄未空誓不成佛,他還是來回在地獄中,這就是因為大悲,為了眾生,「以誓願力 處之無厭」,就是一直在六道中,沒有後悔,所以他不厭倦,一直都是為了眾生。
已懺三途等報
今當復次
稽懇懺悔人天餘報
之前是懺悔三惡道報,接下來還要再重複,「懺悔人天餘報」,有的我們從無始以來,說不定我們也去三惡道走過了,受到很多極報,還有餘報未盡,有的就是雖然過去也曾造福,還有天福,他就生在天上,不過,生在天上,他的天福一樣會享盡,享盡了天福一樣要再墮落下來,或是地獄之報報盡,再來生人道,有的在人道享受福,福若盡一樣要再墮落。
有的來人間,又帶業來人間,受盡苦磨,人間苦磨之後還是尚未盡,會再次墮落,所以即使人天餘報,若是再做了錯誤,來到人間,若不趕快及時反省,一樣我們還要再墮落,所以在人間,我們要不斷不斷懺悔,不斷反省,不斷精進,向善的道路精進。
所以我們要知道,無論是福或是惡,善與惡雜揉,無論你什麼樣的種子,混在一起,只要你有種子,只要遇到大地把它撒下去,因緣成熟,瓜是瓜、豆是豆,花是花,草是草,同樣在大地上,哪怕你是用一把種子,不同的種子撒下去,它長出來就是不同的東西,所以說來,我們善惡雜揉,只要你有種子,因緣成熟,果報現前。
所以我們還是要好好,警愓我們這念心,不要受到惡因惡果現前,來磨我們的時候,我們那一念善念,又加重了無明,在人間又染上很多習氣,那就很悲哀了,所以我們還是趁著,在人間這個時候,人身難得、佛法難聞,既然我們聽聞了佛法,了解這麼多的因緣果報,所以我們要好好懺悔,哪怕是三途的罪報我們要懺,就是人天的業我們也要懺,不要說我現在做人,我現在什麼都沒有做,我沒有作惡,沒有作歹,不必懺,可能還有過去的未盡,人間的福報若享盡,還是要再墮下去,所以趁著我們有福報,這時候趕緊造善,趕緊提高警覺,不要有福而不為。
我們要多做善事,多修養我們的心,多提高培養我們的警覺性,不要去造了惡業,所以說,「今當復次」,「稽懇懺悔人天餘報」,我們要很懇切,很虔誠來懺悔,人天的餘報,未盡的報應。
相與稟此閻浮壽命
雖曰百年 滿者無幾
各位,我們現在雖然是在,閻浮提的壽命,人間也叫做閻浮提,在這個世間中,「壽命雖曰百年 滿者無幾」,在佛的時代說,人生百歲,但是要滿百歲並不多,哪怕是已經成為大覺者的佛,他的壽命也不滿百,所以說來,人生苦短,之前就一直和大家分享了。
所以我們大家真的要用心,把握時間分秒不空過,再來:
於其中間 盛年夭枉
其數無量
但有眾苦 煎迫心形
愁憂恐怯 未曾暫離
這段文字很簡單,我們都看得懂,在人間不滿百歲的壽命,你們想盛年,盛年就是壯年時期,或是小時候,或是青年,或是中年,感覺起來生命才要開始,不過「夭枉」,這種就是夭折的意思,人云,六十歲開始才不算夭折,有一句世俗話說夭壽,夭壽就是夭折,就是說還不滿一甲子,他就已經死了,人生就過去了,所以「盛年夭枉」,「其數無量」,像這樣的人很多,我們說人生才幾十歲,其實要看這個時間,動不動一個瘟疫一到,可能來不及救的很多,或是天災人禍,都不會說他到底現在幾歲。
所以說來,人生壽命真的是,要能如我們的心願,不可能讓我們自己,能預算了生命多長,所以我們要時時有無常觀,因為「盛年夭枉 其數無量」,很多很多,「但有眾苦」,在這個人間當中很多眾苦,「煎迫心形」,即使你身體健康,也有很多無明煩惱,也有很多人與人之間,讓我們困擾,情愛愁恨很多,所以在人間,有這麼多的「煎迫心形」,心和我們的形態生態,很多讓我們,「愁憂恐怯」的時候,「未曾暫離」,不曾離開,我們做一個人,哪一個人不曾擔心過,哪一個人說沒有擔心,沒有憂愁,有啊。
所以說來,真的是人生苦難偏多,我們要時時自我警惕,這種,「煎迫心形」,「愁憂恐怯」等等,「未曾暫離」,所以我們大家真的要多用心,把我們的心門打開,康莊的道路將之修建起來,讓我們能好好,惡的不要做,善的我們要積極,我們若能如此,才是智慧者,我們才能轉禍為福,請大家時時多用心。
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靜思晨語--20130304《法譬如水》智愚善惡一念間 Empty
發表主題: 回復: 靜思晨語--20130304《法譬如水》智愚善惡一念間   靜思晨語--20130304《法譬如水》智愚善惡一念間 Empty周六 4月 20, 2013 3:28 pm

Lecturer: Master Cheng-Yan
Subject: Wisdom, Ignorance, Good or Evil Exist in a Though (智愚善惡一念間)

The ignorant who do evil receive retribution in the Three Evil Destinies. The wise who do good receive retributions of great blessings. Wisdom or ignorance, good or evil, all depends on the change of a thought. If those who make mistakes self-reflect and repent in time, they turn disasters into blessings.

Everyone, in the Dharma as Water series, everything that we have been saying all comes back to karmic retribution. “If we sow such a seed, we attain such a fruit.” So we must believe in cause and effect. Ignorant people refuse to believe in this. Since they refuse to believe, they commit wrongs and transgressions and create many evil seeds. These people are the ignorant. As for the wise, they definitely know about karmic retribution. Those who do good deeds attain blessings.
This is the correct perspective. Wisdom, ignorance, good or evil exist in a thought. If we change our thoughts toward doing good, we are in Heaven, in a Pure Land. If we return in the opposite direction, we are in Hell, in the Three Destinies. This happens simply with a change in perspective.
So now, we already know all this. If we made mistakes in the past, before we knew better, if we committed any transgressions, we need to immediately self-reflect. Not only do we need to self-reflect, we need to repent our faults. If we eliminate evil and do good, we turn disasters into blessings. So, we must all constantly be more vigilant. Previously we talked about repenting the retributions of the Animal Realm, etc. We become animals because of ignorant thoughts. Thus we erase our path to the Human Realm.
So if we can truly repent, turn around that ignorance, we can gain illuminating wisdom. In this way we can escape the Animal Realm. Next is the Hungry Ghost Realm.

“With the merits and virtues that arise, in future lives, may we no longer suffer from stinginess, starvation or thirst, and always taste the sweet dew of liberation.”

We know that stinginess is the seed for becoming Hungry Ghosts. If we were stingy in the past, the retribution for stinginess is descent into the Hungry Ghost Realm. So, if we now sincerely repent the causes we created in past lifetimes, we can depart from the pain of starvation and thirst. Then we “often taste the sweet dew.” Since we are freed from constant starvation, everything will taste like nectar. So, let us repent and eliminate the karma of stinginess. Everyone needs to cultivate a loving mind. Right now Tzu Chi volunteers are spread out across the world. Besides saving the poor, needy and ill, we also help the poor to realize their riches. We also teach them the path to wealth. This path is very simple. Just “open your heart, do not be stingy” and give a little love. That love is like the one candle that can light up an entire darkened room.That can light up an entire darkened room.So do not be stingy.
Stinginess closes the heart.If we have the opportunity to open their hearts a little and light that candle, we open their door to love.This is teaching them to realize their riches.This lets them know that love is not about giving a certain amount, it is about starting with the little bit they have.Doesn’t everything start with a single seed?Even a fruit tree begins as a small thing.A very tiny seed turns into a fruit tree.When each harvest season arrives, there are many fruits on the tree.These are produced every year.This all comes from a single seed.
We have always helped the poor; now we promote helping them realize their riches.We hope that this seed of love, this seed of abundance, can be planted in every field, can be planted in everyone’s mind.
We hope that everyone’s mind will have a seed of love.This seed is the source of wealth.Thus the world will be filled with abundance.So, we need to promote this with care.
Next the text says,

“We vow to repent the Realms of Ghosts, Spirits, and Asuras.”
“With the merits and virtues that arise, in future lives, may we be honest and not flatter, escape the seeds of evil incarnations, eliminate the retribution of ugly appearance and enjoy blessings of the Heaven and Human Realm
s.”

Earlier we spoke of the Ghost and Spirit Realms.We talked about Raksas and Kumbhandas.
Now we repent retributions in the Asura Realm.Asuras easily lose their temper, and are very angry and hateful.They are often seek to flatter and deceive.These are the retributions of Asuras.
Now we are ready to repent.By repenting the retributions of Asura, we can be reborn, and “with the merits and virtues that arise, in future lives, may we be honest and not flatter.”
We need to cultivate our minds.Honesty is a spiritual practice.Do not be suspicious of people doing this or that.
Once ignorance arises in our minds, angry and hateful thoughts will always arise.So we must “be honest and not flatter.”Not flattering means not being devious, but being very straight forward.“We escape the seeds of evil incarnations; eliminate the retribution of ugly appearance.”Our minds and thoughts must be upright.You have probably thoroughly memorized the Seven Factors of Bodhi and Eightfold Noble Path.
We must uphold the right path so we will not fall into evil incarnations.“We eliminate the retribution of ugly appearance.”Normally, ghosts and spirits have no way to look dignified.
If we want to be dignified, we need to maintain honest not use flattery.Do not have evil thoughts, livelihood or actions.Then we can “enjoy the Heaven and Human Realms.”We can practice in the Human Realm and seek to be reborn in Heaven.
Next,

“We vow that starting today, wherever we practice we will not suffer the retribution of these Four Evil Realms.”
“Only with great compassion, for the sake of sentient beings, will we stay there tirelessly with the power of our vows
.”

We need to vow that starting from today, wherever we practice in the future, “we will not suffer the retribution of these Four Evil Realms.”The Four Evil Realms are Asura, who have heavenly blessings but not virtues, as well as Ghosts and Spirits, plus the Animal, Hungry Ghost, and Hell Realms.These are the retributions of the Four Evil Realms.
As we begin to practice, we need to cultivate our minds, and focus on walking the broad path.
Do not stray towards deviant paths.Thus we will not face retributions of the Four Evil Realms.
“Only with great compassion, for the sake of sentient beings.”Great Compassion is the most important practice.Great compassion is universal. Only with great compassion for the sake of sentient beings “will we stay there tirelessly with the power of our vows”. This means we want to save sentient beings in Hell.
In the Six Realms, only with great compassion can we avoid returning to the Four Evil Realms. Buddha is a kind father to all beings. Hasn’t he always remained in the Saha-world? He is the great kind and compassionate father. The Earth Treasury Bodhisattva vowed to not become a Buddha until Hell is empty. He comes and goes in Hell out of great compassion, for the sake of sentient beings “he stays there tirelessly with the power of his vows”.He remains in the Six Realms without regret. He is tireless because he does it all for sentient beings.

“We have already repented the retributions of the Three Destinies.
Today we again sincerely repent the remaining retribution of the Human and Heaven Realms
.”

We have repented for the Three Evil Realms. Now we still need to repent the remaining retributions of “the Human and Heaven Realms”. From Beginningless Time until now, perhaps we have been to the Three Evil Realms and face many extreme retributions.
But there are still unexhausted retributions.Some people created blessings in the past, so they were born into Heaven.
But in Heaven, they will still exhaust their heavenly blessings. Afterwards they will fall again. Some exhaust their retributions in Hell, so they return to the Human Realm and enjoy blessings there.Once their blessings are exhausted they fall again. Some come to the Human Realm bringing their karma, so they suffer endless torment. After they are tormented, the karma is still unexhausted so they fall again. Even if we have heavenly or human blessings, if we make mistakes again and do not immediately self-reflect, in the same way we will fall again.
So in the Human Realms, we need to always repent, self-reflect, be diligent, and walk toward the road of goodness. We should know that blessings and evil seeds are mixed together. It does not matter what kind of seeds they are or even if they are mixed together.After we plant those seeds in the ground, when the conditions are present, we get melons from melon seeds, beans from beans, grass from grass, flowers from flowers. Even if we sow a handful of different seeds in the same place, they will still grow into different things.
So, good and evil are mixed together. As long as we have the seeds, when the conditions ripen, they will bear fruits. So, we must always remain vigilant about our thoughts. When we are tormented by evil causes and effects, do not contaminate good thoughts with ignorance and absorb a lot of negative habitual tendencies. That would be tragic.
So we must seize our time in the Human Realm. Being human and hearing the Dharma is precious. Since we have heard the Buddha-Dharma and understood many examples of karmic retribution, we need to earnestly repent.
Repent the retributions of the Three Destinies, as well as karma in the Heaven and Human Realms. Do not say, “I am human now.”“I haven’t done anything.”“I haven’t done evil , committed wrongs. ”“Repentance is unnecessary.” Perhaps there are unexhaused past remnants.If we exhaust blessed rewards here ,we will descend again.
So ,while we have blessings ,we must do good and be more vigilant.Do not avoid doing good because you are blessed.We must do even more good deeds and cultivate our minds even more,develop and strengthen our sense of vigilance.Do not create bad karma.
Thus it says, “Today I again sincerely repent the remaining retribuitions of the Human and Heaven Relams. ”We need to very sincerely and reverently repent the remaining unexhausted retribuitions in the Human and Heaven Relams.So ,

“the lifespan of those in Jambudvipa should be a hundred years ,but few fulfill it.”

Everyone,we have the lifespan of people in Jambudvipa. The Human Realm is also called Jambudvipa.Although our lifesapan should be a hundred years , few fulfill it. In Buddha’s time they said a life was 100 years. But few live the full hundred years.Even the Buddha , the Great Enlightened One,did not live to be a hundred.
So ,we say that life is painfully short.Previously , I constantly shared this with everyone.
So we must all be very mindful,and seize every moment ,we must not waste them.
Next ,

“In the midst of this, countless people are cut down in their prime years. “
“The suffering of sentient beings , the pressures on body and mind, the worries and fears , all have never stopped.


This passage is very straightforward,easy to undertstand In this world , few live to be one hundred.Think about your prime years. Our prime is when we are strong ,or our childhood,
our youth,or our middle-age.
Just as we feel life is just beginning ,It is “cut down”.That means we die young.It is says “Dying after 60 is not dying young. ”There is a term , short –lived , for a life cut short. This refers to people with die before living for six decades.
So “countless people are cut down in their prime”. This happens to many people. We say that life lasts only a few decades. But if an epidemic hits , it may be too late to save many people,it is the same with natural and manmade disasters. They do not discriminate based on age.In others words,can our life truly be as long as we wish?We cannot predict how long we have to live.
So ,we need to have a sense of impermanence ,as “countless people are cut down in their prime”.This happens to so many people “The suffering of sentient beings”.There is a lot of suffering in this world ,“the pressures on body and mind”.
Even if we are healthy,we have a lot of ignorance and afflictions , and are troubled by passion, cravings , worries , harted that exist in our relationships.So ,in the world ,there are many “pressures on body and mind”.In our minds and in the way that we live,there are many things that ensure our“worries and fears all have never stopped”.They never leaves us.What human has never been worried?What person says ,“I have no worries , no concerns”?We all have. So ,life is truly full of suffering.
Let us always be vigilant about“the pressures on body and mind”and how “worries and fears all have bever stopped”.So ,everyone must truly always be mindful.
Open the door to your hearts and build up this broad path.We must earnestly refrain from evil and proactively do good. If we can do this , we are wise. Then we can trun disasters into blessings.
Everyone , please aways be mindful.
(Source: Da Ai TV 靜思晨語 法譬如水)
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