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 靜思晨語--20130305《法譬如水》善念日日生

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發表主題: 靜思晨語--20130305《法譬如水》善念日日生    靜思晨語--20130305《法譬如水》善念日日生  Empty周三 3月 06, 2013 9:48 am


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發表主題: 回復: 靜思晨語--20130305《法譬如水》善念日日生    靜思晨語--20130305《法譬如水》善念日日生  Empty周三 3月 06, 2013 5:22 pm

【證嚴上人開示】
人生世間誰無過錯
知過能改不失於善
有智慧者善惡分明
慎戒諸惡切莫為之
要虔誠善念日日生
大家我們若能有智慧,就能善惡分明,每天修行都是提醒大家,提醒我們要戒慎,要謹慎,要好好守護我們的戒律,我們日常的生活,我們一定要善惡分得很清楚,我們要眾善奉行,我們要諸惡莫做,即使小惡我們不能作,小小的惡以為這不要緊,不要緊就會變成習氣,修行就是要斷習氣。
我們說話有說話的習氣,動作有動作的習氣,不好的習氣我們必定要改,即使小小的不好的習氣,我們若是累積下來,變成很難改的惡相行為,所以我們即使是小惡,不好的我們都不要做,也要及時改過不好的習氣,這就是我們要戒慎。
小小的好事我們不要放棄,哪怕是一句安慰的話,看到人煩惱,看不開,開個口、動個舌,或是一個形態的微笑,給人一種友善的感覺,給人一種當他煩惱時,有人支持陪伴他,這雖然說起來是小小的,不過這累積起來也是和人結好緣,所以我們要虔誠,善念時日生,小小的善我們做,表達的都對了,小小的惡我們都不要去碰到,而且我們要時時改過,所以這就是有智慧的人,就是善惡分明的人。
若有過錯,我們要趕緊改過,還因為佛陀的慈悲告訴我們,人人都藏有如來的本性,所以只要我們,過去的習氣改掉了,我們原來本有的善性還是存在,所以不要輕視自己,我們再來看這段懺文:
如此皆是善根微弱
惡業滋多
致使現在凡有所為
皆不稱意
當知悉是過去以來
惡業餘報所致
無論是盛年夭枉,就是還很年輕,就很冤枉,怎麼這樣就去了,這麼年輕怎麼會得這樣的病,這麼年輕……,還有很想要做,才開始改過,才開始要累積做好事,但是時日不多,這就是「善根微弱 惡業滋多」,過去障礙的業較多,所以才會現在「凡有所為」,現在要做的事「皆不稱意」。
我們現在的人有很多人說,我很認真在做,怎麼所做的都不對,我怎麼所做的都是賠本賠錢,什麼事都不成功,很多的障礙,這都不要怨嘆別人,就是怨嘆我們過去沒有造福,所以這種不稱意,這都是「過去以來惡業餘報所致」,所以「是故今當懺悔」,我們現在應該要好好懺悔。
無始以來 至於今日
所有現在 及以未來
人天之中 無量餘報
我們現在又開始要懺悔了,懺悔「無始」,就是過去一直到現在,還有未來,人天中,說不定我們有一些福,會在天上或是在人間,說不定我們過去也生在天堂,我們福盡又墮落下來,現在又在人間,所以無論是在六道中去來,我們應該現在得了人身,六道中只有人道才能聽聞佛法,所以我們應該要好好把握,把握現在。
我們要懺悔過去,假使我們這一世若有不如意,就是因為過去無量的餘報,帶到現在,無論你這一世做得多好,都不得人緣,這也是你的餘報,過去和人結不好的緣,你這一世雖然做得很好,沒有人緣。
你這一世做得好的,就是放在後面,過去帶來的不好的緣,無法一下子改變過來,所以我們要很歡喜地接受,接受我們過去曾和人,結了這麼不好的緣。我們造了不好的業,無論是在六道中,我們來到人道,就是要讓我們修行的時刻,所以我們也要時時戒慎警惕,多懺悔。
懺悔人間
流殃宿對
癃殘百病
六根不具罪報
又在人間有「流殃宿對」,流殃就像目前現在,我們常常聽到難民、難民,本來他生在哪一個國家,那個國家人禍災難,所以他就要流離失所,這叫做「流殃宿對」,沒有地方去,這就是一種災禍造成,這種眾生共業。
還有「癃殘百病 六根不具」,在人間,除了生活環境的災殃,還有與生俱來「癃殘百病」,有的一生下來就四肢不全,五官不全等等,這種身體殘缺的病,不只是殘缺,還有很多種後天的病,有的是意外,所以六根受傷害,這都是我們人間所有的病態,所以這些我們也應該懺悔,懺悔我們過去所做的餘殃未盡,又來到人間所受的雜報,很多種,那種「癃殘百病」,說不完,很多,所以我們要好好去體會世間的苦。
我們常常說見苦知福,癃殘百病這兩句就是正報,我們就是這樣生下來就是如此,還有瘖啞盲聾這種的,這都是「六根不具」,有的生下來就是這樣,說不出話來,或是看不見等等,這都是癃殘百病其中的一類,有很多,說不完,再來:
懺悔人間
邊地邪見
三惡八難罪報
懺悔人間
多病消瘦
促命夭枉罪報
懺悔人間
六親眷屬
不得常相保守罪報
這些我們就應該知道,邊地邪見我們過去說過很多,很多人所出生的地方,是很不文明的地方,或是信仰偏差,那種很不發達的地方,這都叫做邊地,有的祭天祭地等等,草木皆神,一切一切都歸咎草木、火、神、鬼,常常在祭,生活中,一點都沒有文明發達的道理,所以這都是「邊地邪見」。
「三惡」就是三惡道,八難的罪報,就是沒有辦法聽聞佛法,會障礙佛法的有八個地方,那就是地獄、餓鬼、畜生、北拘盧洲、無想天、盲聾瘖啞、世智辯聰、佛前佛後,這都是無法聽聞佛法,那種邊地邪見的地方,就是因為有此八難的障礙。
地獄、餓鬼、畜生那是極苦,所以無法聽到佛法,他受苦都來不及了,哪有時間聽聞佛法呢?北拘盧洲是在須彌山的北邊,那個地方的人壽長,尤其是享樂多,應該是一個天界,所以壽命長享樂多,或是在無想天,無想天也一樣,精神上的享受很多,所以像這種極富極貴的地方,也不會想要聽佛法,也沒有佛法。
我們過去說過,天堂無佛法可修,富貴學道難,這都是障礙,還有在人間就有盲聾瘖啞,盲人看不到經典,也看不到佛像,看不到三寶的形態,所以盲。聾就是聽不到,聽都聽不到,佛法,什麼是佛法他無法了解,或是瘖啞,他就是聽不到,又表達不出來,這當然要聽聞佛法,要修行佛法都不容易,即使現在面對面,他也無法了解。
還有世智辯聰,已經得到人身、聽聞佛法了,但是他自以為有才華,他很有知識,他對佛法,就不覺得這個道理比他的好,或是得到佛法,他很會說,但是他的內心並不接受,這種世智辯聰。
或是生在佛前,還沒佛出世之前,記得悉達多太子剛出生時,他的父王請了一位阿私陀仙,來看他兒子的面相,之後他哭了,到底怎麼了?我的兒子怎麼了,我的太子有不測的事嗎?不是的,我是為自己悲傷,太子他是一個大富大貴,尤其將來他若接掌江山,他能成為轉輪聖王,在人間是一個福音,對人民,假使將來他若是離俗去修行,將來是大覺者,是人間導師,四生慈父,可惜,我很可惜我的年紀這麼大了,我無法等到太子將來的修行得道,那時他所說的道理我無法聽到像這樣。
這是佛前,大覺著已經出世了,但是還沒有真正成大覺,還沒有說法之前,這都是佛前。佛後,佛離開之後,到底我們現在是佛前,還是佛後呢?只要我們心中有佛,佛還是住在人間,因為他是娑婆世界的教主,若是心中無佛,即使是佛現前在他的面前,也是被他輕視,那就是無緣,無緣眾生不能度,所以在這種佛前佛後,只要我們眾生的心,我們若能懂得能和佛有緣,或是我們有智慧,自然我即使生在邊地,也有辦法聽聞佛法。
這個道理是天經地義,哪有什麼邊地呢?不過就是他的業,生在那種佛法不發達的地方,或是我們雖然生命短,看看也有人帶病修行,也有人因為病警愓了自己,也是把握分秒。
看看我們的環保道場,很多人都是把握時間,分秒不空過,大家用心,這就是能將佛法注入我們的內心,所以我們應該要好好把握,我們若是好好把握,就沒有三途八難的地方了,
所以我們要時時用心。
懺悔人間
親友凋喪
愛別離苦罪報
懺悔人間
冤家聚會
愁憂怖畏罪報
懺悔人間
水火盜賊
刀兵危險
驚恐怯弱罪報
這些文字很簡單,應該我們大家都能理解,「親友凋零」,親友,我們最好的朋友,我們最親愛的親人,在人間就是前後凋零,我們有八苦,除了生、老、病、死苦,還有求不得、愛別離、怨憎會,還有五蘊熾盛,除了八苦以外,還有「水火盜賊」,這種人間的人禍,天災人禍,使我們常常都是驚恐不安,所以我們大家要好好把握人間,有時間要趕緊好好結好緣,造善因,這是我們應該要精進的,再來:
懺悔人間
孤獨困苦
流離波迸
亡失國土罪報
懺悔人間
牢獄繫閉
幽執側立
鞭撻拷楚罪報
這些都是在人間所受的,孤老無依的,或是流離失所,或是亡國難民逃出去外國,或是犯罪自己逃出國境等等,或是犯法已經被人抓進監獄中,受很多刑具等等的罪報,這無不都是我們過去生中所做,所以大家要用心,我們要懺悔,這麼多過去的業障,所以我們不能說,明天再修,後天再來結好緣,不能,分秒不空過,現在聽到,我們現在就要開始,好好為我們的未來,要好好接受現在,造福未來,所以大家要時時多用心。
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發表主題: 回復: 靜思晨語--20130305《法譬如水》善念日日生    靜思晨語--20130305《法譬如水》善念日日生  Empty周三 4月 24, 2013 5:15 pm

Lecturer: Master Cheng-Yan
Subject: Good Thoughts Arise Each Day(善念日日生)

In this world, who has never made a mistake? If we recognize and correct faults, we do not lose our goodness. Those with wisdom can discern good from evil. Be careful and avoid doing all evil. Be reverent and good thoughts will arise each day.

Everyone, if we have wisdom, we can discern good from evil. Every day our practice reminds us to be cautious and careful, and to thoroughly uphold our precepts. In our daily living, we need to clearly discern good from evil. We must do only good things and avoid doing any evil. We must refrain from doing even the slightest evil. If we think small acts do not matter, they will become habitual tendencies. In spiritual practice, we must break these habits. We have habitual tendencies in our speech. We have habitual tendencies in our actions. If they are negative habits, we must correct them. Even if our negative habits are small, if we allow them to constantly build up, these negative behaviors will be hard to change. So, even if it is a small evil, we must not do it. We need to immediately correct bad habits. Thus we must be careful. Do not give up on doing small good deeds, even if it is just a word of comfort. When we see someone worrying, locked in misery, we can talk to or smile at them. This gives them a feeling of friendship, a sense they are supported when they are suffering from afflictions. Although these are small gestures, when they accumulate, we create good affinities with everyone. So be reverent, and good thoughts will arise every day. Even if they are small kindnesses, we should just do them, just express them. We must not even touch small evils and always correct our habitual tendencies. People can do who this have wisdom, they can clearly discern good from evil. If we make a mistake, we need to correct it right away. Out of compassion, the Buddha told us that we all have the Tathagata-nature hidden inside. So, if we just get rid of our old habits, we will see that our original good nature still exists. Therefore, we must not lock down on ourselves. Let’s look at this passage of the repentance text.

“Those with weak roots of goodness have a lot of bad karma. For this reason whatever they want to accomplish will not go their way. Now we know that this is caused by residual retributions of past negative karma.”

If someone dies young, in their prime, we say, “They are still so young; it’s not fair. How could they die like this? Why would someone so young get this illness? They are so young…,” and so on. There is still so much that they wanted to do. They had just started to change, just started accumulating good deeds, but their time was cut short. This is because they have “weak roots of goodness, a lot of bad karma.” They have a lot of karmic obstacles, so now “whatever they want to accomplish,” whatever they try to do, “will not go their way.”
We hear many people say, “I am working hard. Why doesn’t anything go right? Everything I do loses money. Nothing I do succeeds. There are so many obstacles.”
We should not resent others for this. It is we who did not create blessings in the past. Things do not go our because of “residual retributions of past negative karma. Therefore, we should repent today.” Since we were like this in the past we really need to repent now.

We repent, from beginningless Time until today, all for our countless present and future residual retributions in Heaven and Human Realms.

Now, we begin to repent again. We repent from “Beginningless Time” from the past until now, and on into the future. Perhaps with some blessings, we will being the Heaven or Human Realms. Perhaps in the past we were born in Heaven. Once we exhausted our blessings we fell and are now in the Human Realm. Regardless of our past travels in the Six Realms, right now we have attained the human form. Only in the Human Realm can we hear the Dharma. So, we really need to seize this present moment to repent the past. If things do not go our way in this lifetime, it is because of countless residual retribution that we brought to the represent.
If we are very successful in this life, but still lack good relationships, this is also residual retribution from the bad affinities we created in the past. Although we do well in this lifetime, we lack affinities with others. So the retributions for the good things we do will come later on. We cannot instantly change the bad affinities. That we brought from the past. So let us happily accept them, accept that we created these negative affinities in the past. We created negative karma. Wherever we are in the Six Realms, when we come to the Human Realm, it is time for us to practice. So, we always need to be cautious and vigilant and repent often.

We repent the Human Realm, where we wander from place to place, suffer disabling infirmities, many illnesses and have incomplete Six Roots as retributions.

Some in this world “wander from place to place. An example of this is all the refugees we hear about right now. They were originally born in one country. But manmade disasters and other calamities have displaced them. So they “wander from place to place.” This was caused by disasters. This is collective karma. There is also “infirmities, illnesses, having incomplete 6 Roots.”
In the Human Realm, besides environmental disasters, some are born with “disabling infirmities and illnesses.” Some people are born missing limbs or are born disfigured, etc. these are physical disabilities. Besides disabilities, people can contract many types of illnesses. Sometimes accidents damage the Six Sense Organs. These are all illnesses in this world. So, we also need to repent for them. We need to repent for what we did in the past. If we still have unexhausted karma, we come back and face many types of retribution. those “disabling infirmities and many illnesses” are innumerable.
So, we must try to earnestly understand first-hand the suffering in the world. We says, “Witness suffering, recognize blessings.” Disabling infirmities and illnesses are direct retributions. Some are just born this way. Some are mute, blind or deaf due to “incomplete Six Roots.” Some are born this way. They cannot make a sound, cannot speak. Or they may not be able to see, etc. These are disabling infirmities and illness. There too many to be counted .Next,

“We repent the Human Realm, where we may be born in remote areas with deviant views, with the Three Evils and the Eight Difficulties as retributions.”
“We repent the Human Realm, where illnesses emaciate our bodies and shortens our lives as retribution. We repent the Human Realm, where we cannot see our family members often nor protect them as retribution.


We should know these things.We have talked often about remote areas. Many people are born in uncivilized places, or have faith in deviant beliefs. Places which are very underdeveloped are what we call remote areas. Some worship the sky, earth, etc., see spirits in grass and woods.They always worship grass, tress, water, spirits and ghosts. They still live without a trace of modern civilization. These are “remote areas with deviant views”. The “Three Evils” are the Three Evil Realms. The retributions of the Eight Difficulties prevent us from hearing the Buddha-Dharma.
There are eight states that hinder Buddha-Dharma. They are Hell, Hungry Ghost, and Animal Realms, Uttarakuru, No-thought Heaven; being blind, deaf or mute, mundane cleverness; and being born before or after a Buddha.These are states where we cannot hear Dharma.
In remote areas with deviant views there are obstacles created by these Eight Difficulties. In Hell, or as Hungry Ghosts or Animals they face extreme pain so they cannot hear Buddha-Dharma.They can barely process the pain; when do they have time to listen to Buddha-Dharma? Uttarakuru is to the north of Mt. Sumeru. People there enjoy a long life, and a lot of happiness. It should be a heavenly realm. They have long lives and lots of joy In No-thought Heaven, it is the same.There is a lot of mental enjoyment. In these places of extreme wealth and luxury, they do not think to listen to Buddha-Dharma. Also, there is no Buddha-Dharma. In the past we said that there is no Buddha-Dharma to practice in Heaven.It is difficult for the rich to learn the Way.
These are all obstacles. In the Human Realm, some are blind, deaf, mute Blind people cannot read Sutras, see images of the Buddha, or see the appearances of the Three Treasures as they are blind.The deaf cannot hear .They cannot hear the Buddha-Dharma. What is Buddha-Dharma? They have no way to understand. Some are also mute. They cannot hear it, cannot express it. So, it not easy to the hear Buddha-Dharma and to practice it.Even if they see it face to face, they still cannot understand.
Then there are those with mundane cleverness. They have been born human and heard the Dharma. But they think they are very talented, very knowledgeable, so they do not think that the Buddha-Dharma is better than their beliefs. Or, when they encounter Dharma, they can talk about the concepts, but they do not truly accept it.
This is mundane cleverness. Some may also be born before a Buddha comes into this world. Remember, when Prince Siddhartha was born. His father invited Asita to tell His fortune. Afterwards, Asita cried “What happened? What’s the matter with my son?Will something bad happen to my son ?”“No, I am sad for myself .This prince will have a great destiny.If he takes over the kingdom, he can be a Wheel –Turning Sage King.In the world , he will be a blessed voice for our people. If he leaves the secular world to engage in spiritual practice ,he will be the Great Enlightened One,Teacher of Humans , supremely respected. But sadly for me ,I am very old. I can’t wait for him to attain the Way.I have no way to hear to Truth he will speak. ”
So ,this was before the Buddha’s enlightenment.The Enlightened One had been born ,but had not attained Great Enlightenment,had not expounded Dharma.This was “before a Buddha” “After a Buddha” is after the Buddha departs.Are we living in a time before or after a Buddha?As long as we have the Buddha in our minds .He still abides in the Human Realm.
He is the Fundamental Teacher of the Saha – world. If there is no Buddha in their minds,
even if the Buddha appears before them .He will be looked down upon.
This is because they lack the affinity.Those without affinities cannot be transformed ,like those born before of after Buddha.If , in our hearts ,we know to form connections with the Buddha,or if we have wisdom;even if we are born remote areas ,we will find a way hear Buddha-Dharma.
This is the truth of the universe.Is there really such a thing as a remote area ?But it is their karma to be born in a place where Dharma is undeveloped.Even if our lives are short,we still see those who practice even when ill.Some are woken up by their illness,so they seize every moment.
Look at our recycling centers.So many people are seizing the moment,not wasting any time
Everyone is mindful. This is how we can inject Dharma into our hearts. So ,we really need to seize this moment.If we can do so,there will be no places with the Eight Difficulties.So , please always be mindful.
Next ,

“We repent the Human Realm , where we lose relatives and friends ,and are parted from loved ones as retribution.”
“We repent the Human Realm, where we face a gathering of enemies and are anxious , worried ,and fearful as retribution.”
“We repent the Human Realm, where we face panic and fear from water , fire , thieves ,wars and disasters as retributio
n.”

This text is very straightforward.We should all be able to understand it.Relatives and friends die.Our best friends and closest relatives die one after another. There are Eight Sufferings
Besides birth , ageing , illness and death , there is parting with those we love , meeting those we hate ,no getting what we want ,and the flourishing of the Five Aggregates.
There are also“water , fire and thieves”.These are all natural and manmade disasters often make us anxious and uneasy.So ,we need to seize our time in this world to create good affinities and good causes when we can.We should diligently do these things
Next ,

“We repent the Human Realm,where we face loneliness and difficulties,displacement and losing our homelands as retribution.”
“We repent the Human Realm, where we face jail and enclosed spaces ,and are isolated , whipped and beaten as retribution
.”

In this world we may be elderly and alone ,or displaced from our homes. Or ,we may be a refugee or a fugitive from the law ,etc.Maybe we committed a crime and are locked up in
jail to face torture , etc . as retribution.These are all results of actions in past lives. So everyone , be mindful.
We need to repent all these karmic obstacles.We cannot say , “I’ll practice tomorrow and
create affinities the day after.”We cannot waste a moment.If we hear this now ,we must begin now to work for our future , to accept these present , create blessings for the future
So everyone , please always be mindful.
(Source: Da Ai TV 靜思晨語 法譬如水)
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